2009 | 2 | 47-66
Article title

ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE PAST (Stavlennia do minuloho)

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Ukraine is experiencing the transformation of symbolic space including symbols of the past. Such developments are brought up to date by different social agents' needs of self-identification. The past, history and memory are becoming an issue of social sciences and humanities. The article is devoted to justifying the notion 'attitude towards the past' defined as a perception of historian events and persons through adequate, available and legitimate symbols of the past in the course of spontaneous propositions, emotional evaluation, behavioral reactions, and production of cultural texts and opinions. This definition is based on critical analysis of M.Halbwax', P.Nora's, P.Ricoeur's, and Th.Adorno's conceptions about memory and the past. The meanings of the symbol of the past are multiple; individuals use and support these meanings according to their socio-cultural experiences, social positions, access to channels of meanings dissemination. The data of mass survey provide evidence of Ukrainian students' attitudes to the past. They demonstrate positive evaluation of distant historical persons, as well as differentiation of evaluation of historical persons with respect to tradition/innovation contrasting and regional discrepancy concerning meaningfulness of the past as a subject matter. The forming of common 'Pantheon' of Ukrainian heroes is also observed against this background.
  • Yuliia Soroka, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University (for more information address the journal editorial office)
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