Pohladit, nebo podat ruku : Levinas a Merleau-Ponty o tělesném původu řeči
To Caress, or to Shake Hand
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The aim of the present paper is to exemplify the diachronic structure of Speech through the interpretation of Levinas’ claim according to which the Speech precedes the Spoken. On the basis of comparison between the primordiality of the Speech and Merleau-Ponty’s gestual meaning which precedes the conceptual meaning, we will point out the correspondence – within the frame of the ethical signifiance – between the diachrony of Speech and the origin of language in corporeality. We shall conclude by reflexion of the problem of articulation between Speech as a modality of ethical signifiance and between Levinas’ philosophical discourse itself, which remains a modality of the Spoken despite its reflexion on the Speech.
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