Problematika šlechty a raně novověkého panovnického dvora v současné španělské historiografii
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NOBILITY AND THE EARLY MODERN ROYAL COURT IN CONTEMPORARY SPANISH HISTORIOGRAPHY
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The last third of the 20th century witnessed penetration of the first methodological innovations regarding promotion of historical anthropological, structural and cultural historical outputs into Spanish research on the history of nobility. Works by foreign Hispanists and several Spanish historians, who took inspiration in English, French and Italian historiography, had a major influence on their settlement on the Pyrenean Peninsula. The classic works by Antonio Dominguez Ortiz became the most important impulse for development of modern Spanish research into the nobility. Numerous monographs, which appeared in Spain after Ortiz's publication at the break of the 20th and 21st centuries, deal with significant aristocratic families on the Pyrenean Peninsula and provide modern biographic information on selected persons of the Golden Age Spanish politics. In parallel, another two interesting theoretical works appeared. Their authors, David Garcia Hernan and Adolfo Carrasco Martinez attempted to provide a comprehensive view of the Spanish nobility and their collective mentality, utilizing a cultural historical approach towards history. The theme of the royal court entered the Spanish historiography through Anglo-Saxon Hispanists. The English historian John H. Elliott and his American colleague Jonathan Brown made the greatest impact with their book 'A palace for a king: The Buen Retiro and the Court of Philip IV'. Of Spanish historians, Jose Martinez Millan played a key role in establishing the research. Thanks to a scholastic panel, which he created at Universidad Autonoma in Madrid, the Spanish historiography can be proud of a number of interesting treatises dedicated in particular to the structure of the royal court, its power groups and the political role. Study of informal communication and political culture of illustrations, symbols and gestures (e.g. F. Bouza Alvarez), the king's favourites (e.g. B. Garcia Garcia, A. Feros) and court festivities (e.g. M. J. del Rio Barredo) also enjoy high attention. Foreign Hispanists' works (e.g. M. Sanchez and M. Rodriguez Salgado) currently deepen findings on the Spanish royal court. The authors provide the Spanish historiography with a double function. Besides introducing it to modern methodological stimuli applied in American and European historiographies, they help include Hispanic research into global discussions on this particular subject.
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