Aspekty intertemporalne realizacji roszczen odszkodowawczych z tytulu wadliwych decyzji administracyjnych
INTERTEMPORAL ASPECTS OF COMPLETION OF CLAIMS FOR DAMAGES
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The author provides a critical analysis of case-law and position of doctrines in the case of the temporal problems, which are associated with change of legal basis of seeking claims for damages on account of unlawful administrative decisions - amendment of the Civil Code of September 17th, 2004. The main problem concerns a situation in which an unlawful decision causing damage was released in previous legislation, but its unlawfulness was ascertained already after the entry into force of new regulation. In the author's opinion the event that decides of application of the previous or binding force legislation is the date of ascertainment the unlawfulness of decision, not the date of passing the unlawful decision. When legal basis for the claims is not the Civil Code, but the article 160 of the Code of Administrative Proceeding, the dual course of claiming is necessary: administrative proceedings and recourse to the law. The author assesses critically position of the Supreme Court in the issue of the compensation. The Constitutional Tribunal decided that the limit of the compensatory obligation of the official authority only to the loss actually incurred (damnum emergens) did not conform to the Constitution. Therefore in a case of damage incurred after the entry into force of Polish Constitution from 1997, the compensation should include the lost benefits (lucrum cessans) also when the unlawful decision was given before this date.
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