IMMIGRATION AND INTER-GENERATIONAL TRANSMISSION OF CULTURAL VALUES: POLISH FAMILIES IN THEIR HOME COUNTRY AND IN THE U.S.
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This paper is a report from a research project designed to study inter-generation value transmission among Polish families in the homeland and among immigrant families in the U.S. Research problems concerned inter-group and within family comparisons on four dimensions: Humanism, Sarmatism, Materialism, and Liberalism. Participants made a sample of 113 parent-adult child pairs from Poles residing in Warsaw and Polish immigrants in Baltimore (USA). Emic Culture Values and Scripts Questionnaire (Boski, 2005) was the research instrument used to measure values in their descriptive (national culture) and evaluative (self-expressive) levels. Cultures of the two countries differed greatly on value-descriptive plan: Poland was characterized by the two former, while American culture, by the latter two. Additionally, Humanism and Liberalism were evaluated considerably higher than Materialism and Sarmatism; neither country of residence, nor generation significantly contributed to these differences. Contrary to earlier reported studies in the literature, transmission coefficients in Poland were much higher than on immigration. These differences occurred at the level of global similarity between parents and their adult children, as well as at the level of specific value transmission paths. Conclusions Immigration hampers smooth value transmission in families; thus children differ psychologically from their parents more than in the home-land situation. Parental liberal values promote a large spectrum of value orientations among their children, suggesting adoption rather than propagation mechanism of culture transmission. Also, values are more reliably reproduced along subject derived country-localized attributions than along researcher's theoretical dimensions.
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