RUTHENIANS OR UKRAINIANS? THE STAND OF 'RUCH SLOWIANSKI'
Languages of publication
'Ruch Slowianski', published in 1928-1933 and 1936-1939, was established and edited by outstanding representatives of the world of science and journalism as the best Slavophil periodical of the interwar period, The editors were compelled to conciliate strivings towards a rapprochement of the Slavs with the divergences separating the nations comprising this group, including Poles and Ukrainians. Tension in mutual relations, particularly strong in Lvov, which was the seat of the editorial board, did not hamper a declaration of cooperation with the periodical on the part of prominent Ukrainian intellectuals. Contacts were soon severed due to the fact that 'Ruch Słowianski' accepted the term 'Ruthenians' for designating the Ukrainian nationality. The stand represented by the editorial board, based on the linguistic arguments of Prof. Kazimierz Nitsch, reflected the dominating convictions of Polish society and the world of politics, especially the National Democracy. It was upon the latter's initiative that this particular word became officially binding. During the 1920s this state of affairs was not changed by the 'sanacja' movement, which along Ukrainophils included groups hostile towards the Ukrainians, as well as the Group of a Hundred, created by secessionists from the National Democracy. Prominent representatives concentrated around the journal 'Slowo Polskie' were also present in the editorial board of 'Ruch Slowianski', which openly declared its apolitical nature. The conflict between the monthly and the Ukrainian co–workers caused a turbulent discussion, which lasted for more than a year. In time, tension was alleviated by the dissemination in the Polish press of the term 'Ukrainians' and then the establishment of its equal status with the term 'Ruthenians', upon the basis of a ministerial decision. The atmosphere also improved thanks to organisational and personal changes within 'Ruch Slowianski'. Due to the liquidation of the controversy, Ukrainian authors once again appeared in the periodical and their publications were given pride of place.
Publication order reference
CEJSH db identifier