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2020 | 12 | 1 | 11-39

Article title

Der Schub in der Habsburgermonarchie. Instrument zur Aufrechterhaltung der öffentlichen Ordnung oder Hilfe bei der Armenfürsorge?


Title variants

Der Schub (removal, return at home) in the Habsburg monarchy. An instrument to preserve public order or assistance in poor relief?

Languages of publication



The removal (Schub), i.e. the enforced transportation of people to their "official home", is today a forgotten process which existed in the Habsburg monarchy from the mid-18th century and was adopted by both the First Austrian Republic and First Czechoslovak Republic. This study analyses removal using legal-historical analyses and a micro-historical approach. An analysis of the legal rulings surroundig removal shows an ever greater centralization of the removal agenda and, a the same time, the decentralization of removal costs. The micro-historical approach presents a view of an ordinary day in a Moravian village in 1828, which lay on the main removal route. This study attempts to show how communities were put under pressure by removal, which regularly and over the long term drained human resources and was a source of conflict in the rural communities.


  • Masarykův ústav a archiv AV ČR, v.v.i., Gabčíkova 2362/10, 182 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic


Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

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