ATTENTION AS A MECHANISM OF DIFFERENTATION OF COGNITIVE STRUCTURE
Languages of publication
The purpose of the research was to explore mechanisms of attention of Witkin's styles. It has been assumed that the style independent of the field will be related to a higher efficiency of selective attention's process. There were 96 people who participated in the research: 67 women and 29 men, aged 20,9 (+/-2,6). In the experiment, in addition to Embedded Figures Test, a battery of cognitive tests for exploring attention (DIVA Task) has been used, as well as the strength of inhibition processes (Navon Task). The results indicate that there is a strong relation between preferences in the cognitive style and selective attention. The style which is independent of the perceptual field is characterized by better accuracy of selection information, at the similar speed of selection. In the group of people where the independent style predominated, a fewer number of false alarms was registered, and a fewer number of omissions in more difficult conditions of detection. The participants appeared less susceptible to interference in incoherent conditions of Navon's Tasks. It seems to prove that they possess stronger mechanism of inhibition, which is recognized as the elementary mechanism of selective attention.
Publication order reference
CEJSH db identifier