THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE CONCEPT OF DIVERSITY IN THE ETHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH OF URBAN ENVIRONMENT (Vyznam kategorie diverzity pri etnologickom vyskume mestskeho prostredia)
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The contribution is dealing with concept of diversity in context of ethnological study of urban environment. The diversity, which has always played an important role in the ethnological research, creates essential complementary categories of the ethnological exploration with universality. The author pays attention to the question of distinction between principles of social relations in rural and urban areas under the Slovak conditions. In the urban environment the weakening of social control, dominance of formalised social relations, simultaneous individualization of way of life and maintenance of the continuity of group values can be observed. These factors create conditions for the support of the social and cultural diversity, which can be analysed on the intra- and inter-object level. The ethnological concern range from intra-individual (changes of value orientations of an individual in time) and inter-individual (differences of social status and interpretation, evaluation and acquirement of cultural elements among members of given group) to intra-cultural (local, regional or sub cultural versatility) and intercultural diversity (mutual relations of separate ethnic cultures, minority - majority relations). The acceptance of inter-individual and inter-group diversity leads (also in Slovak context) to some kind of basal tolerance, which results from concrete experiences confirming possibility of coexistence and cooperation of individuals and groups with different religious, ethnic and cultural background, as well as ideas of multi-, or inter-culturalism in the recent urban environment.
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