MOOD REGULATION AND TEMPERAMENT
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Two studies explored the relationship between temperamental traits and mood regulation. In all samples participants completed two questionnaires: (1) Mood Regulation Scales, and (2) Formal Characteristics of Behaviour - Temperament Inventory. The measures were administered in groups. As predicted, persons of different temperamental traits differ with regard to the use of upward and downward mood regulation. Characteristics of temperament indicating low capability to process stimulation (high emotional reactivity, low endurance, high perseveration) are related with more frequent use of mood deterioration strategies. Characteristics of temperament indicating high capability to process stimulation (high activity) are related with more frequent use of mood improvement strategies. The results confirm predictions about the relationship between temperament and mood regulation strategies. Possible implications for issues of independence of strategies leading to mood improvement or mood deterioration and their psychological status are discussed.
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