Marcel and Teilhard de Chardin, both individually-minded Catholic thinkers, created two types of phenomenological philosophy in distinction to Husserl and his school. Marcel was closer to Heidegger than to Jaspers, though he still maintained a critical relation to the former. The article presents little known facts about Marcel’s initial collaboration with Sartre and about the reasons for their final parting of ways. The comparison of Husserl’s and Marcel’s phenomenology by Ricoeur is summarised in ten points. Using the evidence of Husserl’s and Marcel’s writings, the author then demonstrates the falsehood of Ricoeur’s judgement that the concept of “horizon” plays the same role in Husserl that the concept “situation” plays in Marcel. The distinctive character of Marcel’s phenomenology is above all the result of its neo-Socratic orientation to the concrete (the method of examples) and also of being a pathway to the religious. The turn away from Husserl and his classical school continues in contemporary French phenomenology.