PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY OF THOMAS HOBBES
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The construction of Hobbesian anthropology is sketched with emphasis on these points of his philosophy which seem inconclusive. We focus on: determinism, the notion of conatus/endeavour (which in turn splits into a purely mechanic kind, and a biological one), and on the duality of an-thropological description in Hobbes. In fact, the philosopher attempted to portray human beings both from inside and from outside. The 'inside' view equals to a physics of passions which are in turn rooted in biological conatus (De Corpore, Ch. IV.25.), the 'outside' view is the grim landscape of the state of nature and then the famous 'deduction' of the need of absolute power (Leviathan, Ch. XII). In fact there is no other man than the natural born egoist, as the Hobbesian citizen is simply a tamed beast.
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