Interakcyjna konstrukcja kategorii zawodowych "robotnik" i "inżynier". Zagadnienia samoidentyfikacji
Interactional Construction of Occupational Titles. The Problem of Self-Identification
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The presented study was inspired by ethnomethodology and conversation analysis and deals with the methods of identity construction in interaction (as opposed to more frequent studies of social identity viewed as a relatively permanent quality characterizing the individual). The aim of the study was to describe methods of defining the occupational titles "worker" and "engineer" by their "incumbents" in the situation of sociological interview. The paper presents a fragment of an exhaustive research report and refers to the problem of self-identification. According to the adopted research perspective self-identification refers to the ways in which workers and engineers combine their own notion of identification with their occupational categories, the character and degree of identification and its other features. Regularities in this field may be defined as variants of the formula of commonsense thinking: "being" vs. "doing". Its predominant version among workers was doing, and that is why, being", whereas engineers held the formula "not doing, and that is why, not being". These formulas of common-sense thinking are described and subjected to a possible sociological interpretation.
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