O bardziej skuteczne metody pokojowego załatwiania sporów międzynarodowych
Towards More Effective Methods of Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes
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The Author analyses the p resent system of settling international disputes as provided in the Charter of the United Nations after having com pared it with the system of the League of Nations. He concludes th at under the UN Charter member states were given a large freedom in choosing methods and means to settle their disputes, and even to leave their disputes un settled, provided that international peace and security were not endangered. The subsequent analysis of practice in settling international disputes after the World War II indicates some new tendencies. One of them is increasing number of quiescent disputes that is disputes that are „frozen" while the disputing parties expect to revive the dispute under more favorable circum stances and at present they agree that the dispute should not constitute an obstacle in developing co-operation in o ther fields. This tendency im plies a danger of others of m any quiescent disputes while many other may fade wth the lapse of time. The other tendency consists in limited role of in ternational adjudication. The Author deals with many reasons given as explication of this phenomenon. In creasing role of international organizations in selling in ternational disputes co nstitu tes the next tendency. In his conclusions the Author makes some recommendations aimed at making the methods of settling intern ation al disputes more effective. Accordingly, more attention should be focused on institutionalization and perfectioning of negotiations which remain widely applied and the most effective method of settling international disputes. He also indicates possibilities of increase of the role of international arb itration. Finally, attention should be given to some new methods applied by the States or by international organizations as well as to methods being combination of traditional means with in creased co-operation within the framework of international governmental organizations.
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