Analiza wykorzystania kwalifikacji kadr z wykształceniem średnim i zasadniczym zawodowym na przykładzie Łodzi
Analysis of Utilization of Qualifications of Personnel with Secondary School and Basic Vocational Education (Case Study of Łódź)
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The analysis of utilization of personnel with secondary school and basic vocational education background was performed on the basis of results furnished by census of personnel employed in the socialized economy performed in 1973. Against the background of the personnel structure according to the selected levels of education there was examined the degree of correspondence between employment on a given job requiring a given level of education and the achieved level of education. The analysis revealed a deficit of personnel with academic background amounting to 1.3 per cent in relation to the overall number of the employed, with secondary school background - 6.2 per cent, while among qualified workers it amounted respectively to 16.5 per cent (minimum variant). While discussing the general characteristics of qualified personnel in Łódź, the author devoted much attention to analysis of correspondence between the taught job and the performed job among workers with general secondary or basic vocational education according to groups of jobs. Taking into consideration the specific industrial structure of Łódź, low coefficients of correspondence between the performed and taught job among textile and clothing technicians (56.6 per cent), and among spinners, weavers and the like (52.7 per cent). In the light of the observed irregularities instructural adaptation of personnel with general secondary and basic vocational education to needs of the national economy, on the basis of the projected over all increase in the level of education and degree of saturation of the national economy with qualified personnel, and taking account of the rational employment criteria the author formulates conclusions aimed at the employment and education policy.
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