Ofiary z ludzi w obrzędowości rzymskiej – mamuralia, sacra argeorum, saturnalia, compitalia
Human Sacrifice in the Roman System of Beliefs – Mamuralia, Sacra Argeoum, Saturnalia, Compitalia
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Apotropaic behaviours in the Roman system of beliefs required the use of various forms of offerings in order to achieve the expected sacral goal. We may assume, that a full effectiveness of such actions was asserted only by human sacrifice. Along with the development of religious practices the Romans substituted human sacrifice however, in times of serious danger for the Roman community, they would reach for the early sacral experiences. In the system of Roman beliefs extremely important appeared to be the rituals at the turn of the year, which represented the periodic change of the tempus sacrum. Many of the rituals of the turn of the year played the role of lustrative rites, which were extended into practices of liberating the community from sacral miasma and received those rites which represented the destruction of cosmic order and its recovery to the state of primordial chaos. These types of ceremonies might have required a human sacrifice.
Dr hab. Idaliana Kaczor - Uniwersytet Łódzki, Katedra Filologii Klasycznej, Zakład Hellenistyki i Religioznawstwa, ul. Pomorska 171/173, 90-236 Łódź. Assistant Professor at the Chair of Hellenistic and Religious Studies in the Department of Classical Philology University of Łódź. In 2008, the President of the University of Łódź nominated her mentor of the Student’s Research Group of Ancient Translations (KAT), launched in the same year. In 2014, she obtained her habilitation degree on the basis of her monograph “Deus. Ritus. Cultus. A Study on the Character of the Religion of Ancient Romans”
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