Główne problemy funkcjonowania przemysłu zbożowo-młynarskiego w środkowej Polsce
Main Problems of Functioning of Grain and Milling Industry in Central Poland
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The grain and milling industry in Central Poland is functioning in dilticult conditions. A low quality of the agricultural production land hampers growth of production of grain and especially of rye, which is the main grain crop here. The degree of utilization of the raw material base, measured by the share of grain purchases in its crops, is much lower than the national average. The storage capacities for storage of grain are insufficiently developed in relation to the existing needs both in quantitative and qualitative sense. It is also necessary to construct stores for processed grain products near mills. In Central Poland there is concentrated a considerable production potential of the grain and milling industry, which exceeds twofold production capacities of the local raw material base as well as the demand for grain products of the local population. Insufficient milling potential on the national scale accounts for a very high degree of utilization of the normative production capacities of grain mills. In the area under survey the existing reserves have been already utilized and further growth of the milling output calls for construction of new mills. In the situation when small private mills are insufficiently utilized it becomes necessary to pass to them a part of the grain for milling from the main milling industry. It is also necessary to rationalize inter-regional transport of grain products in order to restrict the overall and territorial volume of turnover in grain products.
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