Czynniki określające ewolucję struktury agrarnej w pracach Władysława Grabskiego
Factors Determining Evolution of Agrarian Structure in Władysław Grabski 's Works
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The article deals with analys is of W. Grabski's views on the evolution of the agrarian structure (Grabski was one of the leading agricultural economists in the inter-war period in Poland), Grabski was consistently supporting the superiority of the small peasant economy over the large landed properties. This superiority, in his opinion, was being reflected in the deconcentration of the agrarian structure. In the particular parts of the article the author discusses the factors determining the shape of the agrarian structure - changes in production relatione, level of effectiveness of land utilization in different types of farms, technical progress, and economic fluctuations. While analyzing Grabski's views on the deconcentration in the agriculture, the author focusses a great deal of his attention on the rationality of Grabski's propositions from the viewpoint of developmental needs of the inter-war agriculture. And even though Grabski did not perceive that “durability" of the peasant economy was an effect of the economic backwardness rather than - as he thought - the effect of development of the capitalism, there should, nonetheless, be underlined the rationality of his views in a concrete economic situation prevailing in the then Poland. The views of W. Grabski concerning the evolution of the agrarian structure are not contra dictory to postulates of mobilization of the productive factors by the agriculture in developing states as put forward by the present-day theories of the economic growth.
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