Edward Said and the Margins
Languages of publication
Edward Said was the quintessential intellectual of the last quarter of the twentieth century. Commonly celebrated as the founding figure of postcolonialism, his critical oeuvre spans varied terrain. The very strength of his critique lies in these diverse tributaries of thought. Crossing borders and boundaries incessantly, Said’s intellectual project celebrates the culture of resistance while opposing doctrinaire rhetoric. The paper tries to journey along the multifarious “margins” of discourses that crop up in Said. “In-between” spaces have to be investigated for their radical potential, while daring to “transgress” has its own dangers. Said unmasks the unholy nexus between knowledge and power in the mapping of the “Orient” that abetted the colonial enterprise. His contrapuntal readings of literary texts reveal the ubiquitous presence of imperial empire. Consequently, voices from the margins spur counter narratives and “writing back” in the postcolonial condition. Intellectuals in exile tend to be “marginal” and this location helps in looking at the two or even three sides of an issue. Questions of identity, selfhood, nationality, politics, memory, history, representation, geography, homeland, anxieties of influence are dealt with in the paper. The intertwining of the personal and the political occurs in Said. “Memory” is the only hope for resuscitating a “lost world” and battling the accompanying sense of “loss” and “despair” infused in both individuals and communities alike. The paper tries to address how “border crossing” and the “coalescing of margins” create an interdisciplinary breadth in Said, which resist categorization. The “centre/margin” binary is problematized by acknowledging the presence of “many voices,” “polyphony” being a favourite concept of Said. Music gave to him metaphors for human emancipation, while “transgression” was vital. His acknowledgement and assimilation of fellow critics is also mentioned. Beyond enunciating insider-outsider distinctions, Said tried to cultivate knowledge as a bridge between different interests and locations.
- Ashcroft, Bill, and Pal Ahluwalia. Edward Said. 1999. London: Routledge, 2001. Print.
- Barenboim, Daniel. “A Musical and Personal Collaboration: Daniel Barenboim Talks about Edward Said.” Interview by Rashid Khalidi. Journal of Palestine Studies 23.3 (2004): 91-97. Print.
- Barenboim, Daniel, and Edward W. Said. Parallels and Paradoxes: Explorations in Music and Society. Ed. Ara Guzelimian. New York: Vintage, 2004. Print.
- Bayoumi, Moustafa. “Reconciliation without Duress: Said, Adorno, and the Autonomous Intellectual.” Alif Journal of Comparative Poetics 25 (2005): 46-64. Print.
- Bhabha, Homi K. “The Third Space.” Interview by Jonathan Rutherford. Identity: Community Culture, Difference. Ed. Jonathan Rutherford. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1990. 207-21. Print.
- Dallmayr, Fred R. Margins of Political Discourse. New York: SUNY, 1989. Print.
- Davidson, Lawrence. Rev. of Out of Place by Edward W. Said. Middle East Policy 8.4 (2001): 166-69. Print.
- Derrida, Jacques. The Truth in Painting. 1978. Trans. Geoff Bennington and Ian McLeod. Chicago: U of Chicago P. 1987. Print.
- Gregory, Derek. “Edward Said’s Imaginative Geographies.” Thinking Space. Ed. Mike Crang and Nigel Thrift. London: Routlegde, 2000. 302-48. Print.
- Groot, Rokus de. “Perspectives of Polyphony in Edward Said’s Writings.” Alif Journal of Comparative Poetics 25 (2005): 219-40. Print.
- Gourgouris, Stathis. “Transformation, Not Transcendence.” boundary 2 31.2 (2004): 55-79. Print.
- Hochberg, Gil Z. “Edward Said: ‘The Last Jewish Intellectual’: On Identity, Alterity and the Politics of Memory.” Social Text 24.2 (2006): 47-65. Print.
- hooks, bell. Yearning: Race, Gender and Cultural Politics. Boston: South End, 1990. Print.
- Hussein, Abdirahman A. Edward Said: Criticism and Society. New York: Verso, 2002. Print.
- ---. “A New ‘Copernican Revolution’: Said’s Critique of Metaphysics and Theology.” Cultural Critique 67 (2007): 88-106. Print.
- Luca, Ioana. “Edward Said’s Lieux de Memoire: Out of Place and the Politics of Autobiography.” Social Text 24.2 (2006): 125-44. Print.
- Marrouchi, Mustapha. Edward Said at the Limits. New York: SUNY, 2004. Print.
- ---. “Variation on a Theme: Edward Said on Music.” ARIEL 32.2 (2001): 91-123. Print.
- Robbins, Bruce. “Secularism, Elitism, Progress, and other Transgressions: On Edward Said’s ‘Voyage in.’” Social Text 40 (1994): 25-37. Print.
- Robbins, Bruce et al. “Edward Said’s Culture and Imperialism: A Symposium.” Social Text 40 (1994): 1-24. Print.
- Said, Edward W. Culture and Imperialism. 1993. London: Vintage, 1994. Print.
- ---. “Invention, Memory, and Place.” Critical Inquiry 26.2 (2000): 175-92. Print.
- ---. Musical Elaborations. New York: Columbia UP, 1991. Print.
- ---. Orientalism. 1978. London: Penguin, 1995. Print.
- ---. Out of Place: A Memoir. New Delhi: Viking, 1999. Print.
- ---. Reflections on Exile and Other Essays. New Delhi: Penguin, 2001. Print.
- ---. Representations of the Intellectual. London: Vintage, 1994. Print.
- ---. The World, the Text and the Critic. 1983. London: Vintage, 1991. Print.
- Viswanathan, Gauri, ed. Power, Politics, and Culture: Interviews with Edward Said. 2001. London: Bloomsbury, 2005. Print.
- Williams, Patrick. “Edward Said (1935-2003).” Theory, Culture and Society 21.1 (2004): 169-71. Print.
Publication order reference