Produkcja rolnicza w obszarze środkowej Polski
Agricultural Production in Central Poland
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Effects of agricultural production in the analysed group of eight administrative provinces of Central Poland are favourably affected by: suitable geographical situation in central part of Poland with easy access to absorptive market for agricultural produce, well developed network of roads, sculpture of the land, long vegetation period, quite considerable manpower resources, and other factors. On the other hand, on the negative side there must be listed unfavourable soils (with the exception of the administrative provinces of Płock and Włocławek), low precipitation, bad quality of beaten tracks, low density of railway lines, and poor capital intensity in agriculture. Effects of agricultural production assessed on the basis of intensify of agricultural utilization of land and animal breeding, crop yields and effectiveness of animal production, ratio of the marketable surplus to the total output etc. are best in the administrative provinces of Włocławek, Płock, Kalisz, and Sieradz, and lowest - in those of Piotrków, and Skierniewice. Typically rural character of agricultural production in the urban province of Łódź despite proximity of the absorptive market for agricultural produce is quite amazing here. The above mentioned group of administrative provinces of Central Poland accounts for a much bigger share of the national food production than its share of arable land. Absence of land reserves poses a requirement of better and better utilization of the available land resources through technological, social, and economic modernization of the whole agricultural production in Central Poland.
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