Kształcenie i dokształcanie robotników w przemyśle
Education and Training of Professionally Active Workers
Languages of publication
Development of the national economy produces growing demand for qualified personnel. The school system is no longer able to satisfy the needs of the economy with the biggest deficit appearing in category of qualified workers. Thus an important role will be played here by the system of education and training of professionally active people. Non-school system of acquiring and improving professional qualifications by workers is based on ,,on-the-job” training, courses and practical training conducted in enterprises (traineeship, probation engagement) constituting an element of continuous education. Growing requirements as regards qualifications, increase of the general level of education of the society, and growing role played by qualifications in promotion processes account for increasing interest taken by workers in learning and improving their professional qualifications. There can be observed a growing number of attitudes characterized with autonomous drive to knowledge among workers. Training in the place of work encompasses annually about 300 thousand persons (including 19.1 per cent people obtaining education of secondary-school level). However, maintaining workers’ activity in the sphere of education and complementary training at the unchanged level makes it necessary for the industry to attribute a bigger, than it is the case sometimes now, importance to employee’s qualifications in the personnel policy (promotions). That is due to the fact that expectations of workers, reflecting improvement of their qualifications and education, are linked, in most cases, with promotion to higher posts and increased pay. Fulfilment of these expectations by the enterprise encourages others to supplement their education. This leads to improvement in qualifications of the working personnel and thus paves the way for positive attitudes in relation to work and place of work.
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