Czynniki położenia społecznego a postawy wobec pracy
Factors of Social Status and Attitudes to Work
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The article deals mainly with presentation and initial interpretation of results of a study in which the author analyzed relationships between selected factors determining the social status and attitudes towards one's profession and place of work researched in a cross-section of the cognitive component. The study was carried out ąraońg young employees in two local industrial companies. The analysis encompassed the following factors affecting the social position: educational background, wages, position held within the formal company structure, active participation in the Union of the Polish Socialist Youth and in the Polish United Workers Party. Inclusion of the above mentioned institutionalized forms of the social activity in the set of features determining the social status represents a decision surpassing standard solutions. It called for an extensive commentary to be found, among others, in the expanded theoretical part of the article. A general relaxion, coming prior to the report on the conducted studies, is placed in the first two chapters. The first chapter is entitled, "Attitudes to Work in Social Macroprocesses” , and the second one, "Social Status Features Taken into Account". The first chapter provides a justification *hy the problems of attitudes to work are linked with the problems of the social structure and its transformations while in the second chapter there are discussed reasons for a decision why involvement in social activities should be treated as a factor of the social status. With this the author links a hypothesis about a possible link between the social involvement end the attitude to work. It is connected with a common opinion concerning the role of the superstructure organization in shaping awareness contents perceived in different ways. The performed study is to serve verification of this hypothesis although we know, on the other hand, that it is but an attempt which should be supplemented by further studies in the future. The study did not confirm the expected relationship- between involvement in social activities in both organizations and attitudes towards work. Similarly the relationships between the remaining features of the social status and the analyzed attitudes are not quite clearly visible. This refers, first of all, to the relationship between these features and attitudes to the place оf work. On tha other hand, it is worth noting here the order in which the analyzed features appear as regards the relationship between the features and the attitudes to the performed profession. In this case it appeared that relationships between the active social involvement and attitude to the performed profession are almost non-axitent, but there exists a slight connection between attitudes to the profession and a formal position held within a company, educational background, and.wages. The strongest relationship was observed between wages and.attitudes to one's profession.
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