1984 | 10 |
Article title

Rola kobiety w klasie robotniczej

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The present study deals with the question of the role of women in the development of the working class, a role performed in the occupational field as well ae in the family. The studied population consisted of women workers (employed in the textile and paper-making industries) with at least one child under 16 years of age. For comparative reasons the study comprised also men workers. The main thesis subjected to verification refereed to the low occupational activity and high family activity which renders women a relatively inactive though not quite passive segment of the working class. In particular the study concentrated on such problems as: opinion and aspirations of women workers towards their own child- ~ren (with speciel regard to education and future occupation), the appraisal of the position and the role of the woman in the family and in the working milieu, attitudes towards ideology, the factory and the Job, a projection of the ideal features of superiors and co-workers, the appraisal of the workers living conditions in Poland, the type and character of postulates referring to work.Women workers constitute over 1/3 of the working class but as wives and mothers they influence the cless as a whole. In the process of socialization women pass their ideological (including world-view), political and occupational attitudes on to their children and thereby fulfill an important class-creating role. The content of these attitudes presented by women workers in the course of a sociological study in therefore not insignificant. Women differ from men in their attitude towards work in the econumic, technical end ideological sense. The contemporary man - a husband, a father - follows a model of an aut-of-house worker. For the woman there is a model of a combined occupation! and family role. It may be inferred from the collected material that women workers concentrate on their work less than men. They are interested mainly in: salaries, consumer goods supplies and in such an organization of work which anables them to combine the job with housework. The other role of women - fulfilled in the family - is realized on several levels including their relation to the house and children to whom women devote much attention. The clasacreating role of women workers is realized mainly through their participation in the process of production, the social organization of work and the division of social wealth. Generally, their class role is fulfilled through the creation of future generations of the class. This, however, can hardly be estimated.
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