PL EN


2016 | Białostockie Teki Historyczne, 2016, tom 14 |
Article title

The Society of American Indians and the “Indian question,” 1911–1923

Content
Title variants
EN
Towarzystwo Indian Amerykańskich a kwestia indiańska, 1911–1923
Languages of publication
Abstracts
EN
The Society of American Indians was established in 1911 as the first Pan-Indian organization with the aim of peaceful fighting for the rights of Indian nations in the United States in the first decades of the twentieth century. Functioning in the so-called “Era of Progress”, the Society proposed a number of postulates pertaining to the reform of the “Indian question”, which constituted one of the burning issues of the twentieth century America. Its main activists: Charles Eastman, Carlos Montezuma, Arthur Parker, and Sherman Coolidge worked out a program of reforms, which first of all, called for the assimilation of the Indian population, so that they could adjust to the conditions of American social and political life. Opposing the system of reservations, the Society appealed to the indigenous people for loyalty towards the American authorities, promoted a model of education based on the American system, and opted for giving Indians full citizenship.
PL
Towarzystwo Indian Amerykańskich powstało w 1911 r. jako pierwsza organizacja panindiańska mająca na celu pokojową walkę o prawa narodów indiańskich w Stanach Zjednoczonych w pierwszych dekadach XX w. Działając w czasach tzw. Ery Postępu, Towarzystwo zaczęło wysuwać szereg propozycji dotyczących reformy „kwestii indiańskiej”, która stała się jednym z palących problemów dwudziestowiecznej Ameryki. Jego główni działacze, Charles Eastman, Carlos Montezuma, Arthur Parker i Sherman Coolidge opracowali program reform, który w pierwszym rzędzie postulował asymilację ludności indiańskiej w celu dostosowania się Indian do warunków amerykańskiego życia społeczno-politycznego. Przeciwstawiając się systemowi rezerwatów, Towarzystwo Indian Amerykańskich apelowało do ludności tubylczej o lojalność wobec władz amerykańskich, lansowało model szkolnictwa oparty na amerykańskim systemie edukacji oraz orędowało na rzecz nadania Indianom pełnoprawnego obywatelstwa amerykańskiego.
Publisher

Year
Physical description
Dates
published
2016
Contributors
References
  • Bonnin, G., A Year’s Experience in Community Service Work among the Ute Tribe of Indians, “American Indian Magazine” 1916, vol. 4.
  • Bonnin, G., America, Home of the Red Man, “American Indian Magazine” 1919, vol. 6.
  • Bonnin, G., Indian Gifts to Civilized Man, “American Indian Magazine” 1918, vol. 6.
  • Cloud, H. R., Education of the American Indian, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1914, vol. 2.
  • Coolidge, S., The American Indian of Today, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1914, vol. 2.
  • Coolidge, S., The Function of the Society of American Indians, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1914, vol. 2.
  • Coolidge, S., The Indian-American: His Duty to His Race and to His Country, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1913, vol. 1.
  • Current Comment: The Heart of the Full Blood, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1914, vol. 2.
  • Eastman, C. A., From the Deep Woods to Civilization: Chapters in the Autobiography of an Indian, Boston 1916.
  • Eastman, C. A., The Indian’s Gifts to the Nation, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1915, vol. 3.
  • Eastman, C. A., The Indian To-day: The Past and Future of the First American, Garden City 1915.
  • Eastman, C. A., The Soul of the Indian, Boston 1911.
  • Editorial Comment: A Nation-Wide All-American Organization, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1913, vol. 1.
  • Jones, S., Reservation Leaders, the Good and the Bad, “American Indian Magazine” 1916, vol. 4.
  • Kealear, C. H., What the Indian Can Do for Himself, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1914, vol. 2.
  • Kellogg, L. C., Our Democracy and the American Indian, Kansas City 1920.
  • Lamere, O., The Indian Culture of the Future, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1913, vol. 1.
  • Montezuma, C., Let My People Go, “American Indian Magazine” 1916, vol. 4.
  • Montezuma, C., The Indian Reservation System, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1913, vol. 1.
  • Montezuma, C., The Reservation is Fatal to the Development of Good Citizenship, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1914, vol. 2.
  • Oskison, J. M., In Governing the Indian, Use the Indian, “American Indian Magazine” 1917, vol. 5.
  • Oskison, J. M., Making an Individual of the Indian, [in] Tales of the Old Indian Territory and Essays on the Indian Condition, ed. L. Larre, Lincoln 2012.
  • Oskison, J. M., The New Indian Leadership, “American Indian Magazine” 1917, vol. 5.
  • Parker, A. C., Certain Important Elements of the Indian Problem, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1915, vol. 2.
  • Parker, A. C., Industrial and Vocational Training in Indian Schools, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1915, vol. 3.
  • Parker, A. C., Making Democracy Safe for the Indians, “American Indian Magazine” 1918, vol. 6.
  • Parker, A. C., Problems of Race Assimilation in America, “American Indian Magazine” 1916, vol. 4.
  • Parker, A. C., The Awakened American Indian, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1914, vol. 2.
  • Parker, A. C., The Indian, the Country and the Government, “American Indian Magazine” 1916, vol. 4.
  • Parker, A. C., The Legal Status of the American Indian, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1914, vol. 2.
  • Parker, G. E., The Great End: American Citizenship for the Indian, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1914, vol. 2.
  • Pike, E., The Right Spirit for the Indian Student and How to Get It, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1913, vol. 1.
  • Report of the Executive Council on the Proceedings of the First Annual Conference of the Society of American Indians, Washington 1912.
  • The Editor’s Viewpoint: Blood Mixture among Races, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1914, vol. 2.
  • The Editor’s Viewpoint: Inferior or Only Different?, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1914, vol. 2.
  • The Editor’s Viewpoint: The Persistence of Barbarism in Civilize Society, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1915, vol. 3.
  • Wheelock, D., Not an Indian Problem but a Problem of Race Separation, “Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians” 1913, vol. 1.
  • Zitkala-Sa, American Indian Stories, Legends, and Other Writings, ed. C. N. Davidson, A. Norris, New York 2003.
  • Calloway, C. G., First Peoples: A Documentary Survey of American Indian History, Boston 1999.
  • Cornell, S., The Return of the Native: American Indian Political Resurgence, New York 1988.
  • Deloria, V. Jr., C. M. Lytle, The Nation Within: Past and Future of American Indian Sovereignty, New York 1984.
  • Hertzberg, H. W., Nationality, Anthropology, and Pan-Indianism in the Life of Arthur C. Parker (Seneca), “Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society” 1979, vol. 123.
  • Hertzberg, H. W., The Search for an American Indian Identity: Modern Pan-Indian Movements, Syracuse 1971.
  • Iverson, P., Carlos Montezuma and the Changing World of American Indians, Albuquerque 1982.
  • Lomawaima, K. T., The Mutuality of Citizenship and Sovereignty: The Society of American Indians and the Battle to Inherit America, “The American Indian Quarterly” 2013, vol. 37.
  • Maddox, L., Citizen Indians: Native American Intellectuals, Race and Reform, Ithaca 2005.
  • Martinez, D., Dakota Philosopher: Charles Eastman and American Indian Thought, St. Paul 2009.
  • Nagel, J., American Indian Ethnic Renewal: Red Power and the Resurgence of Identity and Culture, New York 1996.
  • Patterson, M. W., Real Indian Songs: The Society of American Indians and the Use of Native American Culture as a Means of Reform, “The American Indian Quarterly” 2002, vol. 26.
  • Porter, J., To Be Indian: The Life of Iroquois-Seneca Arthur Caswell Parker, Norman 2001.
  • Stamm, H. E., People of the Wind River: The Eastern Shoshones, 1825–1900, Norman 1999.
  • Thomas, R. K., Pan-Indianism, “Mid-Continent American Studies Journal” 1965, vol. 6.
  • Warrior, R., The SAI and the End(s) of Intellectual History, “The American Indian Quarterly” 2013, vol. 37.
  • Warrior, R., Tribal Secrets: Recovering American Indian Intellectual Tradition, Minneapolis 1995.
  • White, R., The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650–1815, Cambridge 1991.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/11320/4951
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.hdl_11320_4951
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.