PL EN


2016 | 5(83) |
Article title

Significance of Skandia Achievements in the Development of Approaches to Conceptualization and Assessment Models of National Intellectual Capital

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
Abstracts
EN
A noteworthy group among the national intellectual capital conceptual approaches, allowing to an assessment of the NIC level, are methods based on a model developed by L. Edvinsson within Skandia company. The model is called “Skandia Navigator” and is the one of world's first proposal of the comprehensive measuring tool to enable for an evaluation and management of the intellectual capital. The aim of the article is presentation of the significance of Skandia’s and L. Edvinsson's achievements in development of the national intellectual capital concept. In this research paper selected conceptual models NIC are analysed, which to some extent relied on Skandia’s model. The analysis was conducted paying special attention to the methodological apparatus structure and operationalization. The article is an effect of analysis main foreign literature and also aims at filling of the gap, which exists in publications about the NIC concept. As a result of the considerations set out in this article, the following conclusions can be drawn. Skandia Navigator became an universal construction, irrespective of the size and type of the object of analysis. Edvinsson’s model is constantly used as the foundation of assessment instrument in significant amount of scientific studies and reports for intellectual capital researches at the macroeconomic level. Original structure and assumptions of the method are slightly modified, but the changes depth never transform strongly Skandia prototype. This group of methods are easy to adapt and modify, what allow to adjust of the conceptualzation and methodology to the author's intentions and specific object of analysis. On the other hand, the ease of adaptation to identified conditions and applications may disclose the imperfections of the Skandia’s methods. Analyzed conceptual models consists of four components in this research paper. In each of them appeared human capital. The development capital was the second, next to market and process capital, most common distincted element in NIC models. L. Edvinson’s solutions (Skandia Navigator and Skandia Value Sheme) have been the pillars of many attempts of NIC assessment.
Publisher

Year
Volume
Physical description
Dates
published
2016
Contributors
References
  • Bontis N., 1998, Intellectual Capital: An Exploratory Study that Develops Measures and Models, “Management Decision, Vol. 36, Issue 2, DOI: 10.1108/00251749810204142.
  • Bontis N., 2000, Assessing Knowledge Assets: A review of the Models Used to Measure Intellectual Capital, “International Journal of Management Reviews”, Vol. 3, Issue 1, 10.1111/1468-2370.00053.
  • Bontis N., Serenko A., 2013, Investing the Current State and Impact of the Intellectual Capital Academic Discipline, “Journal of Intellectual Capital”, Vol. 14, Issue 4, DOI: 10.1108/JIC-11-2012-0099.
  • Brooking A., Board P., Jones S., 1998, The Predictive Potential of Intellectual Capital, “International Journal of Technology Management”, Vol. 16.
  • Community Intelligence Labs: „Leading Lights” Interview with Leif Edvinsson, http://www.co-i-l.com/coil/knowledge-garden/ic/edvinsson.shtml (accessed: 16.06.2016).
  • Edvinsson L., 2004, The Intellectual Capital of Nations, Handbook on Knowledge Managemnet 1: Knoowledge Matters, Spiners Science & Business media B. V.
  • Edvinsson L., Lin C. 2008, National Intellectual Capital: A Comparison of the Nordic Countries, “Journal of Intellectual Capital”, Vol. 9, Issue 4, DOI: 10.1108/14691930810913140.
  • Edvinsson L., Lin C., 2011, National Intellectual Capital: A Comparison of 40 Countries, Springer Science+BusinessMedia, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-7377-1_2.
  • Edvinsson L., Malone M. S., 1997, Intellectual Capital: Realizing Your Company’s True Value by Finding its Hidden Brainpower, HarperBusiness, New York.
  • Januskaite V., Uziene L., 2015, Intellectual Capital Measurements and National Strategy Development: Explaining the Gap, Procedia Social and behavioral Sciences 213, DOI: 10.1060/j.sbspro.2015.11.420.
  • Labra R., Sanchez M. P. 2013, National Intellectual Capital Assessment Models: A Literature Review, “Journal of Intellectual Capital”, Volume 14, Issue 4, DOI: 10.1108/JIC-11-2012-0100.
  • Malhotra Y., 2003, Measuring Knowledge Assets of a Nation: Knowledge System for Development, Knowledge Management Measurement: State of Reaserch 2003-2004, New York, http://km.brint.comKnowledgeManagementMeasurementResearch.pdf (accesed: 16.06.2016).
  • Marr B., Schuima G., Neely A., 2004, Intellectual Capital, Definig Key Performance Indicators for Organizational Knowledge Assets, “Journal of Intellectual Capital”, Vol. 10, Issue 5, DOI: 10.1108/14637150410559225.
  • Michalczuk G., 2013, Zasoby niematerialne jako czynnik wartości przedsiębiorstwa. Luka informacyjna sprawozdawczości finansowej, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku, Białystok.
  • Navarro J. L. A., Pena D. N., Ruiz V. R. L., 2010, A Model to Measure Intellectual Capital Efficiency at National Level: Comparison, Results and Relationships, Proceeding of the European Conference on Intellectual Capital, Business Source Complete.
  • Nazari J. A., Herremans I. M. 2007, Extended VAIC Model: Measuring Intellectual Capital Components, “Journal of Intellectual Capital”, Vol. 8, Issue 4, DOI: 10.1108/14691930710830774.
  • Ondari-Okemwa E., 2011, The Strategic Importance of Identifying Knowledge-Based and Intangible Assets for Generating Value, Competitiveness and Innovation in Sub-Saharan Africa, “SA Jnl Libs & Info Sci”, Numer 77(1), http://sajlis.journals.ac.za/pub/article/viewFile/56/48 (accessed: 11.06.2016).
  • Opper E., 2007, The Intellectual Capital of The State of Israel, http://economy.gov.il/RnD/Documents/intellectualcapital.pdf (accessed: 12.06.2016).
  • Phusavat K., Comepa N., Sitko-Lutek A., Ooi K-B., 2012, Intellectual Capital: Implementation for Industrial Competitiveness, “Industrial Management & Data Systems”, Vol. 112, Issue 6.
  • Pomeda J. R., Moreno C. M., Rivera C. M., Mártil L. V., 2002, Towards an Intellectual Capital Report of Madrid: New Insights and Developments, opracowanie prezentowane na: The Transparent Enterprise. The Value of Intangible, Madryt, http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.122.5377&rep=rep1&type=pdf (accessed: 09.06.2016).
  • Raport o Kapitale Intelektualnym Polski, 2010, Zespół Doradców Strategicznych Prezesa Rady Ministrów, http://kramarz.pl/Raport_2008_Kapital_Intelektualny_Polski.pdf (accessed: 23.03.2016).
  • Rembe A., 1999, The Govermmental Invest in Sweden Agency – ISA, Report 1999, Halls Offset Ab, Stockholm.
  • Roslender R., Fincham R., 2004, Intellectual Capital Accounting in the UK. A Field Study Perspective, “Journal of Intellectual Capital”, Vol. 17, Issue 2, DOI: 10.1108/09513570410532429.
  • Seleim A., Bontis N., 2013, National Intellectual Capital and Economic Performance: Empirical Evidence from Developing Countries, “Knowledge and Process Management”, Vol. 20, Issue 3, DOI: 10.1002/kpm.1412.
  • Węziak D., 2007, Measurement of National Intellectual Capital: Application to EU Countries, “IRISS Working Paper Series”, No. 13, Insed, Luxemburg, http://iriss.ceps.lu/documents/irisswp81.pdf (accessed: 30.03.2016).
  • Węziak-Białowolska D., 2010, Model kapitału intelektualnego regionu. Koncepcja pomiaru i jej zastosowanie, Wydawnictwo SHG, Warszawa.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/11320/5257
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.hdl_11320_5257
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.