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2015 | 10 |
Article title

Revisiting the fairy land: Anne Sexton’s transformation of the Grimms’ female characters

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Abstracts
EN
Anne Sexton’s vivid and scandalous literary heritage has always been arousing controversy mostly due to its confessional character. It is, however, underestimated that one of the sources of her poetic inspirations was a broadly defined European culture and tradition, including the Grimms’ fairy tales. This article strives to inquire how Sexton revisits narratives of canonical tales with special regard to female protagonists. An apparent discrepancy will be shown between the two versions in terms of poetic imagery, character construction, and the reality in which they are firmly anchored. The morals drawn from the poems markedly diverge from the original versions, for it is with pessimism and disillusionment that Sexton transforms the naïve and sentimental images. The applied adaptation, hence, serves here to articulate the conflict between the traditional, male-centered set of values and a feminist perspective. The poems’ structures, literary figures, cultural references, features of genre, and other elements will be examined and analyzed to compare the retold stories with their archetypes and to provide a detailed interpretation in the light of the addressed problems.
Publisher

Year
Volume
10
Physical description
Dates
published
2015
Contributors
References
  • Beauvoir, de Simone. 1952. The Second Sex. New York: Knopf.
  • Bottigheimer, Ruth B. 1987. Grimm’s Bad Girls and Bold Boys: The Moral and Social Vision of the Tales. New Haven: Yale University Press
  • Gill, Brendan. 1991. The Sky Line: Disneyitis. The New Yorker (April 29), 96-99.
  • Gonzalez, Matilde Martin. 1999. Fairy tales revisited and transformed: Anne Sexton’ Critique of Social(ized) Feminity. http://dspace.uah.es (30 May 2015).
  • Grimm, Jacob and Willhelm. 2012. Completed Fairy Tales. New York: Fall River Press.
  • McGowan, Patrick, P. 2004. Anne Sexton and Middle Generation Poetry. London: Praeger.
  • Liebermann, Marcia R.. 1972. Some Day My Prince Will Come: Female Acculturation through the Fairy Tale. College English 34(3), 383-395.
  • Pinkola, Clara. 1996. Women Who Run With the Wolves: Myths and Stories of the Wild Woman Archetype. New York: Ballatine BooksSexton, Anne. 1971. Transformations. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Sexton, Anne. 1971. Transformations. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Tatar, Maria. 1987. The Hard Facts of the Grimms’ Fairy Tales. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
  • Warner, Marina. 1991. The Absent Mother, or Women Against Women in the ‘Old Wives’ Tale. Hilversun: Verloren.
  • Warner, Marina. 1994. From the Beast to the Blond: On Fairy Tales and their Tellers. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
  • Zipes, Jack. 2002. The Brothers Grimm: From Enchanted Forests to the Modern World. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/11320/5300
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.hdl_11320_5300
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