Zasoby przyrodnicze jako atrakcje kulturowe: przykłady z wyspy Lanzarote (Hiszpania)
Natural resources as cultural attractions: an examples from Lanzarote Island (Spain)
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In the holistic perspective, nature and culture are in continuum. This continuum is close to phenomenological approach, as well as sustainable tourism concept. One one the best example of region which from decades has developed according the principles of sustainable development, is Lanzarote, Canary Islands (Spain). Among people who struggled against mass-tourism model on the island was César Manrique. In 1966, after his return from USA, César Manrique organised a group of intellectuals, who started fighting for protection and conservation of the unique volcanic landscape of the island. From mid-1960s until his death (in 1992) César Manrique, as an architect, prepared several projects which now are top tourist attractions on Lanzarote. One of his project is complex of volcanic-origin caves Jameos del Agua. In Jameos del Agua, as well as in other projects (viewpoint Mirador del Rio, restaurant „El Diablo” in Montañas de Fuego, Jardín de Cactus at Guatiza etc.), César Manrique – who was founder of original aesthetic ideology dominated by art-nature/nature-art philosophy – put his plans into practice. So, now Jameos del Agua is not only one of the top tourist spot on Lanzarote, but it is very good example of nature-culture continuum in contemporary architecture nad tourist planning.
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