Bożonarodzeniowa obrzędowość: kolędowanie z Szopką i Herody w województwie lwowskim, Bojkowszczyna na Ukrainie
CHRISTMAS RITUALS: CAROLLING WITH NATIVITY AND HERODY IN THE LVIV REGION (BOJKOWSZCZYNA UKRAINE)
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Scientific interest in the traditional culture in order to preserve the spiritual wealth, especially in conditions of accelerated urbanization, unification, the spread of mass culture, it becomes even more relevant. Preservation of traditions, spirituality, each nation is not only a source of concern for culture, but also taking care of its development in our time and the future of every nation. Ukrainian rituals are the glue that has helped over the centuries to keep the national mentality, and cognitive and educational potential is the dearest treasure that helped survive nationalities, to keep down the centuries and today thrive in the global community of nations. While popular culture is best preserved its local traditions in celebrating Christmas, it was a feast worthy of special scientific interest.The object of the research is Christmas rituals: carolling with nativity and Herody villagers regions starosamborskiego and Sambor in Boykivshchina, Lviv region. The aim of this article is to determine the specifics of the Christmas rituals in the context of the overall cultural heritage of the Ukrainian nation on the basis of preserved archival materials Cathedral ethnology Lviv National University named I. Franko, and developed the scientific literature. Since 1998, efforts lecturers completed eighteen trips beginners ethnologists to various historical and ethnographic regions of Ukraine, including the land Bojkowszczyzny (2003, 2005, 2010); In 2005, students made an expedition to starosamborskiego region, base points were the villages Hołowecko, Dnistryk, Mszanec, Hwozdec, Hroziowe, Ripi, Wyciw, Babyno and others; in 2010 they were in villages in Sambor district Bojkowszczyzny - Kowynyczi, Werbiwka, Berehy, Baraniwci, Zarajckie, Kornyczi. Students ethnology, preparing for the expedition, develop a comprehensive program of interrogating, which is a reliable instrument for productive work in the field, such a methodology we used, we too, adding data from its own ethnographic research. The survey involved both men as women, young and older people.The history of the development of specific motifs carolling with nativity and Herody in Boykivshchina intrigued many contemporary scholars of folklore, as well as the author of this article, which points to the wealth of culture and religion in the region.The analysis and conclusions of the study can be used for detailed and deep acquaint with the Christmas customes of Boikivshchyna villages in Lviv region, in Ukraine. Materials of the research can also be used in textbooks, anthologies of religious and kulturological studies, topical special courses, as well as in the creation of a repertoire of folk groups and organizations Christmas celebration at schools, parishes and other collectives.
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