2014 | 16 - Konteksty bezpieczeństwa w Afryce. Problemy globalne, sektorowe, regionalne, lokalne | 297-313
Malaria i bezpieczeństwo w Afryce
Malaria and security in Africa
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Malaria, along with tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS is one of the three most dangerous infectious diseases in the World. 200 million people are affected annually and 600 thousand die as a result of the disease. Many governmental and non-governmental organizations combat malaria in various ways by promoting prophylaxis and effective treatment of the disease. Because of its prevalence in over 100 countries, malaria has enormous impact on the economies of these regions, with expenditures on treatment amounting to 40% of total health care costs. In the medical field, effective treatment of malaria remains a challenge because, since 2008, resistance to every available drug has been described. Malaria has been treated for ages as a real threat to military operations, causing service unfitness more often than trauma in combat. In the economic aspect, malaria is a great burden for the endemic areas and losses in whole Africa amount to $100 million GDP per year. Low-income households spend up to 28% of their earnings. Modernization and expansion of agriculture without increasing transmission of malaria also remains a challenge. In conclusion, effective combating malaria will allow economic growth and strengthening of security in whole Africa. Cooperation of international and national organizations with basic healthcare providers is crucial in order for prevention and treatment to reach average people.
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