2017 | 17 | 155-172
Article title

Relacjonowanie polityki w „Wiadomościach” TVP1 po wyborach parlamentarnych w 2015 roku: obiektywne czy stronnicze?

Title variants
Coverage of politics in Wiadomości TVP1 after the parliamentary elections in 2015: balanced or biased?
Languages of publication
Existence of free media is one of the most important feature of democratic system. Since the collapse of the communist system in 1990s, Central and Eastern European societies have been overtaken by a process of change. Media system change was part of the general process of what may be called systemic social transformation. The main goals of free media in Central and Eastern European were: introduction and legitimization of the concepts of democracy, rule of law and constitutionalism as much as concepts of political pluralism, competition and new political parties and candidates as legitimate competitors. Unfortunately in post-communist countries media have not yet reached a state of full independence from the current interests of political parties. In this study there is case of Poland analyzed. After Polish parliamentary election in 2015 there have been changes in public television. The article presents the results of media content analysis of “Wiadomości” TVP1. In first research there is comparison how “Wiadomości” and “Fakty” coverage the same political events. In second research there is comparison how “Wiadomości” coverage politics in 2015 and after parliamentary election in 2015. The purpose of the research was to evaluate if the politics coverage became more balanced or more biased.
  • Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie
  • Bajomi-Lázár, P. (2014). Party Colonisation of the Media in Central and Eastern Europe. Budapest-New York: Central European University Press.
  • Curran, J. (2002). Media and Power. London-New York: Routledge.
  • Cushion, S., & Lewis, J. (2009). Towards a ‘Foxification’ of 24-Hour News Channels in Britain?: An Analysis of Market-Driven and Publicly Funded News Coverage. Journalism 10 (2), 131–53.
  • Dahl, R. A. (2015). On Democracy. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Dz.U. 1993 nr 7 poz. 34. Ustawa z 29 grudnia 1992 roku o radiofonii i telewizji.
  • Esser, F., Strömbäck, J., & De Vreese, C. H. (2011). Reviewing key concepts in research on political news journalism: Conceptualizations, operationalizations, and propositions for future research. Journalism, 13(2), 139–43.
  • Gross, P. (2002). Entangled Evolutions: Media and Democratization in Eastern Europe. Washington: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.
  • Hallin, D. C., & Mancini, P. (2004). Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hopmann, D. N., Van Aelst, P., & Legnante, G. (2011). Political balance in the news: A review of concepts, operationalizations and key findings. Journalism, 13(2), 240–57.
  • Klepka, R. (2016). Analiza zawartości mediów: dlaczego i do czego można ją wykorzystać w nauce o bezpieczeństwie i politologii? Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia de Securitate et Educatione Civili, VI (224), 32–41.
  • Klepka, R. (2017a). Ewolucja Wiadomości TVP1: od medialnej stronniczości do propagandy politycznej. W: H. Batorowska (red.). Walka informacyjna. Uwarunkowania-incydenty-wyzwania. Kraków: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. Komisji Edukacji Narodowej w Krakowie, Instytut Bezpieczeństwa i Edukacji Obywatelskiej, Katedra Kultury Informacyjnej i Zarządzania Informacją.
  • Klepka, R. (2017b). Relacjonowanie prezydenckiej kampanii wyborczej w 2015 roku przez „Wiadomości” TVP1: zrównoważone czy stronnicze? Przegląd Politologiczny, (2), 157–75.
  • Krippendorff, K. (2004). Content Analysis: An Introduction to Its Methodology. ThousandOaks-London-New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Kurdupski, M. (2017). „Fakty” na czele oglądalności dzienników. „Wiadomości” straciły ponad 400 tys. widzów. (10.11.2017).
  • Lauk, E. (2008). How Will It All Unfold? Media Systems and Journalism Cultures in Post-Communist Countries. W: K. Jakubowicz, & M. Sükösd (red.). Finding the Right Place on the Map: Central and Eastern European Media Change in a Global Perspective. Bristol-Chicago: IntellectBooks.
  • Lisowska-Magdziarz, M. (2004). Analiza zawartości mediów. Przewodnik dla studentów: wersja 1.1. Kraków: Uniwersytet Jagielloński.
  • Markowski, R. (2016). The Polish parliamentary election of 2015: a free and fair election that results in unfair political consequences. West European Politics, 39, 1311–1322.
  • McNair, B. (2012). Journalism and Democracy: An Evaluation of the Political Public Sphere. London-New York: Routledge.
  • Michalczyk, S. (2010). Demokracja medialna. Toruń: Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek.
  • Norris, P. (2000). A Virtuous Circle: Political Communications in Postindustrial Societies. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • O’Neil, P. H. (1997). Introduction: Media reform and democratization in Eastern Europe. W: P. H. O’Neil (red.). Post-Communism and the Media in Eastern Europe. London-New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
  • Pisarek, W. (1983). Analiza zawartości prasy. Kraków: Ośrodek Badań Prasoznawczych.
  • TNS OBOP (2016). Wiarygodne informacje – czy są dziś w cenie?. Raport z badań TNS OBOP.
  • Richardson, J. E. (2007). Analysing Newspapers: An Approach from Critical Discourse Analysis. Houndmills- Basingstoke-Hampshire-New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Riffe, D., Lacy, S., & Fico, F. G. (2005). Analyzing Media Messages: Using Quantitative Content Analysis in Research. Mahwah-New Jersey-London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Roberts, C. W. (red.). (1997). Text Analysis for the Social Sciences: Methods for Drawing Statistical Inferences From Texts and Transcripts. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Sartori, G. (1987). The Theory of Democracy Revisited. Part One: the contemporary debate. Chatham: Chatham House Publishers.
  • Shehata, A., & Strömbäck, J. (2014). Mediation of Political Realities: Media as Crucial Sources of Information. W: F. Esser, & J. Strömbäck (red.). Mediatization of Politics: Understanding the Transformation of Western Democracies. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Strömbäck, J. (2005). In Search of a Standard: four models of democracy and their normative implications for journalism. Journalism Studies, 6(3), 331–45.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.