PL EN


2017 | 16 | 4 | 9-34
Article title

Artykuł: „Poniżająca przemoc” czy „wychowawczy klaps”? Dyskursy na temat stosowania kar fizycznych wobec dzieci i ich ustawowego zakazu w Polsce

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
„Humiliating violence” or „spanking to discipline”? Discourses on child corporal punishment and its legal ban in Poland
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
W artykule poddano analizie dyskursy przeciwników i obrońców kar fizycznych, a w szczególności publiczne wypowiedzi aktorów społecznych zaangażowanych w debatę na temat ich prawnego zakazu wpisanego do nowelizacji ustawy o przeciwdziałaniu przemocy w rodzinie z 2010 r. Przyjmując za punkt wyjścia model analizy retorycznej zaproponowany przez Ibarrę i Kitsuse oraz metodę analizy klasyfikacji społecznych Zerubavela, porównano oba dyskursy pod względem użytych zabiegów retorycznych i interpretacyjnych. Szczególną uwagę poświęcono temu, w jaki sposób obrońcy kar fizycznych kwestionują główne twierdzenia ich przeciwników dotyczące definicji problemu, jego zasięgu, przyczyn, konsekwencji i postulowanych rozwiązań. Analiza prowadzi do wniosku, że badane dyskursy są w dużej mierze „asymetryczne” – przeciwnicy kar fizycznych skupiają się na jednostkowych procesach psychicznych zachodzących u karanych fizycznie dzieci i karzących je rodziców, podczas gdy ich obrońcy poświęcają więcej uwagi relacjom między rodziną a instytucjami państwa, twierdząc, że zakaz kar fizycznych daje państwu zbyt duże możliwości ingerowania w naturalne procesy rodzinne.
EN
The paper analyzes antagonistic discourses on child corporal punishment, and in particular public statements on the corporal punishment ban introduced to the Polish Family Violence Act in 2010. Author’s vantage points are rhetorical analysis model developed by Ibarra and Kitsuse, and Zerubavel’s method of analyzing social classifications. Particular attention is paid to how the defenders of corporal punishment debunk principal claims pressed by its opponents, concerning the problem’s definition, scope, causes, consequences and proposed solutions. Analysis suggests that the discourses in question are to a large extent „asymmetrical”: the opponents focus on individual psychological processes, occurring in punished children and punishing parents, whereas the defenders shift the focus to the relationship between the family and the state, claiming that the corporal punishment ban confers too much power to the state over the natural family process.
Year
Volume
16
Issue
4
Pages
9-34
Physical description
Contributors
  • Katedra Metod Badania Kultury Instytutu Stosowanych Nauk Społecznych Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego
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bwmeta1.element.mhp-82f3abac-881d-4c28-80b7-840eb0009c36
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