2016 | 42 | 2 | 13-27
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„Postczłowiek” stał się terminem parasolowym obejmującym (filozoficznie, kulturowo i krytycznie) posthumanism, transhumanizm (razem z takimi prądami jak extropianizm, liberalny i demokratyczny transhumanizm), nowy materializm (specyficzny ruch feministyczny w ramach posthumanizmu), a także różnorodną panoramę antyhumanizmu, posthumanizmów, i metahumanizmów. Takie ogólne i starające się ogarnąć wszystko użycie tego terminu prowadzi do metodologicznego i teoretycznego zamieszania wsród ekspertów i laików. W eseju tym podjęto próbę wyjaśnienia różnic między tymi ruchami. Uwaga została skoncentrowana na wspólnej dla nich sferze znaczeń.
„Posthuman” has become the term that embraces (philosophically, culturally and critically) posthumanism, transhumanism (together with such currents as extropianism, liberal and democratic transhumanism), new materialism (unique, feminist movement within the realm of posthumanism) and also diversified panorama of antihumanism, posthumanisms and metahumanisms. The general use of this term tries to cover all its multiple meanings, to grasp the whole, general problematic, however its generality leads to the methodological and theoretical confusion among the laics, as well as the experts. This essay is an attempt to explain the differences between these movements. The attention has been focused on the area of meanings common to them.
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