Introduction. Kidney cancer in the structure of registered cases was in 6th place in men and 8th in women. Aim. Understanding the molecular biology of renal cell carcinoma has made it possible to produce new diagnostic methods. Material and methods. This review was performed according to a systematic literature search. Results. Minimally invasive techniques seem to have a bright future in kidney cancer. However, they still require many clinical trials before they enter the general clinical use. Conclusion. Photodynamic therapy, thanks to research conducted in kidney cancer, will find application in cancer of other organs.