2012 | 2 | 21-27
Article title

Stany Zjednoczone Europy czy Unia Amerykańska?

Title variants
The United States of Europe or the American Union?
Languages of publication
The paper compares several selected aspects of political culture in the US and in the EU, and presents the fundamental ideas that have led to the emergence of these two federal political bodies, as according to Montesquieu’s typology, both the EU and the US are federal republics. The similarities and differences become even more apparent when comparing the Constitution of the United States and the Lisbon Treaty, which is to constitute the constitutional foundation of the European Union. Such a comparison reveals that the EU and the US are divided by a dialectical difference. This means that these two political constructs apply diametrically opposite solutions to essentially similar political problems. Theoreticians continue to discuss which model of federal republic is better, and whether the EU will have to adopt American solutions, or whether the US will europeanize itself. The author attempts to present the arguments of both sides in this discussion. In his opinion, though, either the EU will experience a breakthrough comparable to the Philadelphia Convention, or will face ultimate disintegration.
Physical description
  • Nowy Sącz
  • Arendt H., On Revolution, Viking Press, Nowy York 1990.
  • Articles of Confederation, „The University of Oklahoma Law DepartmentWebsite” 1776,
  • ChurchillW., Speech to Academic Youth, „Europa Informationen”, Zurych 1946,
  • Defensive Gestures, „The Economist” z dnia 26 lipca 2008 r.
  • The Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, red. J. Eliot, Philadelphia 1836–1859, „Library of Congress Online”,, t. 4.
  • The Debates on the Constitution, vol. I and II, red. B. Bernard, Library Classics of The United States, Nowy York 1993.
  • Fidler S., The Gold Standard and the Euro Zone, „The wall Street Journal” 26.03.2010,
  • Friedman M., Free Markets and the End of History, „New Respectives Quarterly”, zima 2006,
  • Forner E., Give Me Liberty! An American History, W.W Norton & Company, Nowy York 2006.
  • Hamilton A., Madison J., Jay J., The Federalist, The Belkamp Press of Harvard University, Cambridge Massachusetts 1974.
  • Kristoll I., American Revolution as a Successful Revolution, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, Waszyngton 1976.
  • Lodge H. C., American Statesmen: George Washington, Lodge Press, 2007, t. II.
  • Lutz D., The Relative Influence of European Writers on Late Eighteenth-Century American Political Thought, „American Political Science Review” 1984, vol. 78, nr 1.
  • Monteskiusz, O duchu praw, Wydawnictwo Zielona Sowa, Kraków 2003.
  • Mortished C., Niech chore kraje Unii płacą ziemią za pomoc, „Polska” z dnia 26 maja 2010 r.
  • Müller J.-W., Constitutional Patriotism, Princeton University Press, Princeton–Oxford 2007.
  • Narbutt M., Grecy: Na cięcia odpowiemy siłą, „Rzeczpospolita” z dnia 14 mara 2010 r.
  • Rifkin J., The European dream, Penguin Books, New York 2004.
  • Rousseau, Umowa Społeczna, KWPiN, Łódź 1948.
  • Tocqueville A. De, Dawny ustrój i rewolucja, ZNAK, Kraków 1994.
  • Tocqueville A. De, O demokracji w Ameryce, ZNAK, Kraków 1996.
  • Wieliński B. T., Grecja kupuje broń za 2 mld euro, „Gazeta Wyborcza”, 5.21.2010,,75477,79-12979,Grecja_kupuje_bron_za_2_mld_euro.html.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.