PL EN


2013 | 5 |
Article title

St. Vitus’ Day Among Slovenes

Content
Title variants
PL
St. Vitus’ Day Among Slovenes
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
PL
National holidays play an important role in the formation of common memories of the past,as they are the very sign that marks historical events and figures that must be known to allcitizens, thereby establishing the symbolic unity of all the members of the nation. The holidays of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes emphasized the national unity of the‘three tribes’, and St. Vitus’ Day was thus added to the otherwise short list. At the beginningof December 1919, the Minister of the Interior of the newly formed national state of the‘nation with three names’ declared three new national holidays: 1 December as the ‘day ofthe unification of our „nation with three names”’; St. Peter’s Day on 12 July as the birthdayof King Peter I.; and St. Vitus’ Day on 28 June as a ‘day of commemoration for those whohad died fighting for the faith and the homeland’. The use of Serbian symbols and culturalforms in commemorations in the new nation-state meant that the commemorations in thestate of the ‘nation with three names’ glorified the Serbian sacrifices and suffering, butdenied the contribution of Croats and Slovenes to the establishment of the state community.Together with the provisions and spirit of the St. Vitus’ Day Constitution, the glorification ofSerbian mythology as the national mythology of the ‘nation with three names’, which wasmeant to be the foundation stone for the bright future of the unified nation, became more and more of a stumbling stone with each passing day.
EN
National holidays play an important role in the formation of common memories of the past, as they are the very sign that marks historical events and figures that must be known to all citizens, thereby establishing the symbolic unity of all the members of the nation. The holidays of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes emphasized the national unity of the ‘three tribes’, and St. Vitus’ Day was thus added to the otherwise short list. At the beginning of December 1919, the Minister of the Interior of the newly formed national state of the ‘nation with three names’ declared three new national holidays: 1 December as the ‘day of the unification of our „nation with three names”’; St. Peter’s Day on 12 July as the birthday of King Peter I.; and St. Vitus’ Day on 28 June as a ‘day of commemoration for those who had died fighting for the faith and the homeland’. The use of Serbian symbols and cultural forms in commemorations in the new nation-state meant that the commemorations in the state of the ‘nation with three names’ glorified the Serbian sacrifices and suffering, but denied the contribution of Croats and Slovenes to the establishment of the state community. Together with the provisions and spirit of the St. Vitus’ Day Constitution, the glorification of Serbian mythology as the national mythology of the ‘nation with three names’, which was meant to be the foundation stone for the bright future of the unified nation, became more and more of a stumbling stone with each passing day.
Year
Issue
5
Physical description
Dates
published
2013-01-01
Contributors
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_14746_pss_2013_5_8
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