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2010 | 2 | 141-153
Article title

Początki ruchu demokratycznego w Chińskiej Republice Ludowej (1976-1981)

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
China is an emerging superpower. Its economical strength contrasts the lack of free speech and other liberties crucial for a prosperous economy. The democratic opposition is almost in its demise and society has little interest in politics. However, it hasn’t always been like that. This paper shows how the democratic movement emerged and it has developed since the mourning over the death of prime minister Zhou Enlai in 1976 during the Qing Ming, or the Tomb Sweeping festival. It also focuses on the intellectual turmoil of the Wall of Democracy in 1978, where some of the most important dissidents were published. This Chinese Hyde Park was officially closed in 1979 as the wave of repressions hit the dissidents. That event became a solid foundation for the future democratic opposition.
Keywords
Year
Issue
2
Pages
141-153
Physical description
Dates
published
2018-10-31
Contributors
References
  • M. Leonard, Zrozumieć Chiny, Warszawa 2009,
  • Idem, Why Europe will run the 21st Century, London 2005.
  • B. Góralczyk, Pekińska Wiosna 1989; początki ruchu demokratycznego w Chinach, Warszawa 1999,
  • J. Gittings, Historia współczesnych Chin. Od Mao do gospodarki rynkowej, Kraków 2010,
  • J. Polit, Chiny, Warszawa 2004,
  • J-P. de Cabestan, Deng Xiaoping, [w:] Leksykon wiedzy o Chinach współczesnych, red. T. Sanjuan, Warszawa 2009,
  • ---
  • R. Terrill, Madame Mao: The White Boned Demon, Stanford 1999,
  • J. Fenby, Upadek i narodziny wielkiej potęgi, Kraków 2009,
  • R. MacFarquhar, M. Schoenhals, Mao’s Last Revolution, Cambridge 2006
  • B. Yang, Deng: a political biography, New York 1998,
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_14746_r_2010_2_12
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