PL EN


2009 | 3 | 201-234
Article title

Demokracja a religia w świetle klasycznych teorii umowy społecznej

Content
Title variants
EN
Demokracja a religia w świetle klasycznych teorii umowy społecznej
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
In the author’s opinion we can agree that the theories of contractualism provide an excellent foundation for the legitimization of democracy. At the same time, he claims that democracy, and liberal democracy in particular, cannot be said to be the necessary outcome of social contract. Hobbes was the advocate of absolute monarchy, although his theory permiabsolute aristocracy as well as absolute democracy. Locke, a supporter of a limed monarchy, emphasized the principles of people’s sovereignty. Rousseau, an apologist for the l will, tended to support such the solon that it is not the people’s will but the wisest ones’ whichrulthe sciety as long as they have the people’s benefit in mind. Glorifying his general will, Roussau has become the founder of modern political totalitarianism. When discussing the relations between state and religion/church the above three classic speculators on the theory of social contract assumed the individual freedom of religious beliefs. Ultimately, it is the state though that regulates the external manifestations of faith, as it is the only political entity to arbitrate conflicts between individual interests, and express the pubgood, whatever that means.
PL
In the author’s opinion we can agree that the theories of contractualism provide an excellent foundation for the legitimization of democracy. At the same time, he claims that democracy, and liberal democracy in particular, cannot be said to be the necessary outcome of social contract. Hobbes was the advocate of absolute monarchy, although his theory permiabsolute aristocracy as well as absolute democracy. Locke, a supporter of a limed monarchy, emphasized the principles of people’s sovereignty. Rousseau, an apologist for the l will, tended to support such the solon that it is not the people’s will but the wisest ones’ whichrulthe sciety as long as they have the people’s benefit in mind. Glorifying his general will, Roussau has become the founder of modern political totalitarianism. When discussing the relations between state and religion/church the above three classic speculators on the theory of social contract assumed the individual freedom of religious beliefs. Ultimately, it is the state though that regulates the external manifestations of faith, as it is the only political entity to arbitrate conflicts between individual interests, and express the pubgood, whatever that means.
Keywords
Year
Issue
3
Pages
201-234
Physical description
Dates
published
2009-09-15
Contributors
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_14746_ssp_2009_3_11
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