PL EN


2019 | 2 | 65-82
Article title

The influence of illiberal democracy on the effectiveness of attempts to control lobbying in Hungary (2010–2014)

Authors
Content
Title variants
PL
Wpływ demokracji nieliberalnej na poziom efektywności kontroli działalności lobbingowej na Węgrzech (2010–2014)
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
PL
Zjawisko lobbingu, rozumiane jako wszystkie działania wykonywane przez bądź w imieniu grup interesu, ukierunkowane na oddziaływanie na proces podejmowania i implementowania decyzji politycznych, występuje w każdym reżimie politycznym. W niniejszym artykule zbadano czy nieliberalny model demokracji funkcjonujący na Węgrzech (2010–2014) wywierał wpływ na poziom efektywności działań mających na celu kontrolowanie lobbingu. Nieliberalna demokracja różni się od swego liberalnego odpowiednika w pięciu obszarach: rządów prawa, kontroli działań rządu i parlamentu przez niezależne od władz państwowych instytucje, poziomu korupcji wśród elit politycznych, stopnia wolności mediów oraz ochrony praw mniejszości. W artykule wykazano, że Węgry spełniały kryteria demokracji nieliberalnej dla każdego z obszarów w latach 2010–2014. Na podstawie przeprowadzonych badań stwierdzono, że nieliberalny model demokracji istniejący na Węgrzech zmniejszał efektywność kontroli działań lobbingowych w tym państwie.
EN
Lobbying, understood as all actions performed by or on behalf of interest groups directed at influencing of the process of policy formation and implementation, occurs in every political regime. The article examines whether the illiberal type of democracy that exists in Hungary (2010–2014) exerts an influence on the effectiveness of lobbying control. Illiberal democracy differs from liberal democracy with regard to five systemic core principles, such as the rule of law, government control and accountability, the integrity of political elites, media freedom and civil rights and protection of minorities. This article shows that all of these systemic criteria constituting illiberal democracy were met in Hungary between 2010–2014. Examination of the case of Hungary with regard to lobbying control suggests that illiberal democracy had diminished the effectiveness of lobbying control in this country.
Year
Issue
2
Pages
65-82
Physical description
Dates
published
2019-06-28
Contributors
References
  • Ágh A., Dieringer J., Bönker F. (2015), 2015 Hungary Report, Bertelsmann Stiftung, Gütersloh.
  • Ágh A., Dieringer J., Bönker F. (2016), 2016 Hungary Report, Bertelsmann Stiftung, Gütersloh.
  • Alonso S., Keane J., Merkel W. (2011), Editors’ introduction: Rethinking the future of representative democracy, in: The Future of Representative Democracy, eds. S. Alonso, J. Keane, W. Merkel, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Archives of the Hungarian National Assembly, http://www-archiv.parlament.hu/angol/append/legislative_act.htm, 01.09.2018.
  • Armstrong G., Kotler P. (2010), Principles of Marketing, Pearson Education, London.
  • Balogh E., The Hungarian Catholic Church and Education, http://hungarianspectrum.org/2016/04/01/the-hungarian-catholic-church-and-education/, 01.09.2018.
  • Bartha A. (2014), Lifting the Lid on Lobbying: National Report of Hungary, Transparency International Hungary, Budapest.
  • Bergan D. E. (2009), Does grassroots lobbying work? A field experiment measuring the effects of an e-mail lobbying campaign on legislative behaviour, “American politics research,” Vol. 37, no. 2.
  • Dahl R. (2005), Demokracja i jej krytycy, Wydawnictwo Znak, Kraków.
  • Diamond L. (2002), Consolidating Democracies, in: Comparing Democracies 2: New Challenges in the Study of Elections and Voting, eds. L. LeDuc, R. Niemi, P. Norris, SAGE, London.
  • Dunham J., Nielson B., Aghekyan E. (2015), Freedom of the Press 2015. Harsh Laws and Violence Drive Global Decline, Freedom House, New York.
  • Freedom House (2010), Hungary. Freedom in the World 2010, https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2010/hungary, 01.09.2018.
  • Freedom House (2011), Hungary. Freedom in the World 2011, https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2011/hungary, 01.09.2018.
  • Freedom House (2014), Hungary. Freedom in the World 2014, https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2014/hungary, 01.09.2018.
  • Freedom House (2016), Hungary. Freedom in the World 2016, https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2016/hungary, 01.09.2018.
  • Grant W. (2003a), Lobbyists, in: Concise dictionary of Politics, eds. I. McLean, A. McMillan, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Grant W. (2003b), Interest groups, in: Concise dictionary of Politics, eds. I. McLean, A. McMillan, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Hegedüs D. (2016) Hungary 2016, Freedom House, New York, https://freedomhouse.org/sites/default/files/NIT2016_Hungary_0.pdf, 01.09.2018.
  • Karlekar K. (2010), Freedom of the Press 2010. Broad Setbacks to Global Media Freedom, Freedom House, New York.
  • Karlekar K. (2011), Freedom of the Press 2011. Signs of Change Amid Repression, Freedom House, New York.
  • Karlekar K., Dunham J. (2012), Freedom of the Press 2012. Breakthroughs and Pushback in the Middle East, Freedom House, New York.
  • Karlekar K., Dunham J., Freedom of the Press 2013. Middle East Volatility Amid Global Decline, Freedom House, New York.
  • Karlekar K., Dunham J. (2014), Freedom of the Press 2014. Media Freedom Hits Decade Low, Freedom House, New York.
  • Karolewski I., Benedikter R. (2017), Europe’s New Rogue States, Poland and Hungary: A Narrative and Its Perspectives, “Chinese Political Science Review,” no. 2.
  • Kovács B. (2013), Hungary 2013, in: Nations in Transit 2013: Democratization from Central Europe to Eurasia, ed. S. Habdank-Kolaczkowska, Rowman and Littlefield, New York.
  • Kovács B. (2014), Hungary 2014, in: Nations in Transit 2014: Democratization from Central Europe to Eurasia, eds. S. Habdank-Kolaczkowska, Z. Csaky, Rowman and Littlefield, New York.
  • Kovács B. (2015), Hungary 2015, in: Nations in Transit 2015: Democracy on the Defensive in Europe and Eurasia, ed. S. Habdank-Kolaczkowska, Rowman and Littlefield, New York.
  • Magyar B. (2016), Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary, Central European University Press, Budapest.
  • Merkel W. (2004), Embedded and Defective Democracies, “Democratization,” vol. 11, no. 5.
  • Milbrath L. W. (1968), Lobbying, in: International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 9, ed. D. L. Sills, Macmillan Company & the Free Press, United States of America.
  • Molnár V., Hungary Expands List of Recognized Churches, http://www.paprikapolitik.com/2012/03/hungary-expands-list-of-recognized-churches/, 01.09.2018.
  • Parvin P. (2007). Friend or foe? Lobbying in British democracy, Hansard Society, London.
  • Sánchez-Cuenca I. (2003), Power, Rules, and Compliance, in: Democracy and the Rule of Law, eds. J. A. Maravall, A. Przeworski, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Schmitter P. C. (2011), Diagnosis and designing democracy in Europe, in: The Future of Representative Democracy, eds. S. Alonso, J. Keane, W. Merkel, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • The World Justice Project (2013), Rule of Law Index 2012–2013, The World Justice Project, Washington DC.
  • The World Justice Project (2014), Rule of Law Index 2014, The World Justice Project, Washington DC.
  • Thomas C. S. (2004), Interests and Interest Groups in the Public Policy Process: (I) Strategies and Tactics, in: Research Guide to U.S. and International Interest Groups, ed. C. Thomas, Praeger, Westport.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_14746_ssp_2019_2_4
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.