Prognozy naukowych wizjonerów a powszechne poglądy o roli nauki we współczesnym świecie
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In the popular works of charismatic scientists you can find messages which presentscientific code as the only appropriate way of speaking about reality. However,the history of science shows that strongly optimistic opinions about therole of the elements of the scientific system in the process of overcoming all theproblems of humanity are not a new phenomenon. From the psychological pointof view, it is interesting to identify the conditions of shaping of attitudes towardsscience among people who meet popular scientific information every day.In the article some results of works on psychological tool designed to examinemany aspects of strongly scientistic worldview described as “scientotheism”were presented. During researches on the sample of 508 adult Poles, from theprimary set of questionnaire items we selected these which were characterizedby the highest level of accordance of examined people’s attitudes. Because ofthe high level of agreement/disagreement, answers connected with these itemscan be perceived as a sample survey of common convictions about the role ofthe elements of scientific system in the contemporary world.Analysis of collected data shown that examined people perceived scientific researchas rather useful activity which brought the real increase of knowledge about world, gave them tools to cope with common problems and had positiveinfluence on everyday life. On the other hand, common convictions of the examinedpeople were that there were phenomena which cannot be scientificallyexplained and that forecasts which said that we would achieve the full knowledgeabout the world could not be serious. Furthermore, respondents frequentlythought that science could only partially reduce common fears. Commonlythey contested also the statement that science could erase conflicts which occurredamong people.
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