PL EN


Journal
2016 | 3 | 3 | 16-32
Article title

Rhetoric of exceptionalism in the American public discourse of the 21st century

Authors
Content
Title variants
Retoryka wyjątkowości w publicznym dyskursie amerykańskim początku XXI wieku
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The aim of this analytic paper is to examine the dominant rhetorical devices in the American public speeches in the early 21st century that express and justify ideologies and state policies. This research has focused on oral productions embedded in institutional American discourse selected in relation to the top policies endorsed by prominent politicians and offi cials. Rhetorical techniques that are discussed are used to seek public approval and consent through the construction of American exceptionalism and uniqueness. The study reveals the dominant rhetorical schemas through analysis of speeches on such topics as Iraq, economic crisis, nuclear security, military interventionism and US global leadership.
PL
Celem artykułu jest przegląd i omówienie narzędzi retorycznych, które w amerykańskich przemówieniach politycznych z początku XXI wieku wykorzystywane są do wyrażania i uzasadniania ideologii i polityki państwa. Analiza dotyczy mówionych form dyskursu instytucjonalnego, wybranych wystąpień najważniejszych polityków i urzędników państwowych. Wyróżnione techniki retoryczne służą zdobyciu publicznej akceptacji poprzez odwołanie się do koncepcji amerykańskiej wyjątkowości. Przedmiotem analizy są retoryczne schematy używane w przemówieniach dotyczących takich tematów jak wojna w Iraku, kryzys ekonomiczny, bezpieczeństwo nuklearne, interwencje militarne i globalne przywództwo USA.
Journal
Year
Volume
3
Issue
3
Pages
16-32
Physical description
Dates
published
2016
Contributors
author
  • Artifex University of Bucharest
References
  • Brooks, Stephen. 2014. American Exceptionalism in the Age of Obama. New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group
  • Edwards, Jason A, and David Weiss. 2011. The Rhetoric of American Exceptionalism: Critical Essays, McFarland.
  • Fairclough, Norman. 1989. Language and Power. Longman Inc., NY
  • Factory, Mallory. 2010, 31 Aug. “American Exceptionalism and an “Exceptional” President.” Forbes.com. Access 27 July 2013. ‹http://www.forbes.com/2010/08/31/barack-obama-exceptionalism-america-opinions-columnists-mallory-factor.html›
  • Lim, Elvin T. 2002. “Five Trends in Presidential Rhetoric: An Analysis of Rhetoric from George Washington to Bill Clinton” Presidential Studies Quarterly 32,2: 328-366. Center for the Study of the Presidency. Access. ‹https://wesfi les.wesleyan.edu/home/elim/web/5Trends.pdf›
  • Lockhart, Charles. 2003. The Roots of American Exceptionalism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • McEvoy-Levy, Siobhan. 2001. American Exceptionalism and the US Foreign Policy: Public Diplomacy at the End of the Cold War. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Murray, Charles. 2013. American Exceptionalism: An Experiment in History. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.
  • Obama, Barack. 2002. Speech against the Iraq War. Federal Plaza, Chicago. 2 Oct. 2002. Access 2 May 2013. ‹http://usliberals.about.com/od/extraordinaryspeeches/a/Obama2002War.htm›
  • Pease, Donald E. 2009, The New American Exceptionalism, Minnesota University Press.
  • Perelman, Chaim and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca. 1971. The New Rhetoric: A Treatise on Argumentation.Translated by John Wilkinson and Purcell Weaver. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.
  • Qingguo, Jia. 2013. “Shifting Emphasis: Beijing’s Reactions to the North Korea Nuclear Test”. East Asia Forum. 3. Access 5 May 2013. http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2013/03/03/shifting-emphasis-beijings-reactions-to-north-korea-nuclear-test/›
  • Ryan, Harold Ross. 1992. Contemporary American Public Discourse. Waveland Press.
  • Van Dijk, Teun A. 2011. “Structures of Discourse and Structures of Power.” Communication Yearbook 12, 18-59. London: Routledge.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_17380_rr_2016_3_2
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