Nazwy drzew w śląskiej toponimii
The Names of Trees in Silesian Toponymy
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The paper deals with geographical names in Silesia deriving from the names of tree species. An analysis of the names derived from appellatives, allows for a reconstruction of the categorization methods of the world, anthropological conceptualization, and a popular image of reality. Name creators choose names derived from the appellatives which are for certain reasons important and valuable for them, from the existing collection of names. For example, the following names of trees and shrubs become a productive toponymic base: oak, birch, alder; they belong to the basic categorization level and are important for the rural community due to their usable and practical significance (in construction and economy), as well as medicinal and ritual-religious significance. Suffixes, fulfilling the function of creating new words and names, indicate the methods of categorization; they draw attention to categories such as collectivity (e.g. Dębie, Buken), size (Brzezinke, Grabinka), description of the object (Lipica, Birkberg), place and direction (Na Jedlinie, Do Dęba).
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