PL EN


Journal
2015 | 59 | 271-279
Article title

Węgra - dawny hydronim jaćwięski

Content
Title variants
EN
Węgra - a Former Yatvingian Hydronym
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The article deals with a Baltic etymology of the river name and place name Węgra, earlier Wągra (Northern Mazovia). It is suggested that the hydronym in question derives from Yatvingian *Wungrā and Baltic *Wingrā f. ‛winding, tortuous, crooked [river]’. Yatvingian is the only Baltic language showing the depalatalization of palatalized syllabic resonants at an early period. Three examples of such an exclusive phonological process are carefully reviewed. Two glosses exemplifying the sound change are found in the so-called Polish-Yatvingian dictionary (PYD ), also known as Zinov’s dictionary: Yatv. wułkʃ ‛wolf’ (PYD 25) < Balt. *wilkas, cf. Lithuanian vilkas, Latvian vìlks, OPrus. wilkis ‛id.’; Yatv. wułd ‛to want’ (PYD 3) < Balt. *wiltēi, cf. Lith. vìltis ‛to hope’, Latv. vilt ‛to cheat, swindle, delude’. The third instance, Yatv. wurszajtis ‛an aged priest offering a goat’ (cf. Lith. viršáitis ‛village-mayor, village-chief, elder in a village’, Latv. virsaitis ‛village-mayor’), is mentioned in the 16th century AD in Jan and Hieronim Malecki’s testimony on the Sudovians (i.e. Y atvingians) inhabiting the Sambia Peninsula.271-
Journal
Year
Volume
59
Pages
271-279
Physical description
Dates
published
2015-11-26
Contributors
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_17651_ONOMAST_59_17
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.