2019 | 63 | 241-261
Article title

Contemporary By-Names of Chinese Places

Title variants
Contemporary By-Names of Chinese Places
Languages of publication
Contemporary By-Names of Chinese Places The purpose of this paper is to discuss the distinguished properties of by-names as forms differentfrom official ones, to analyze their structural and semantic features and to search for their historicalevidence. By-names of Chinese places should not be defined as unusual and informal, since actually in many cases by-names are formal and very common in China nowadays. By-names are generally bestowed on important places (mostly cities) that win the public interest. Most of them have twostructural parts, the front specific parts are determiners / qualifiers and the back ones are generics.The generics generally are: cheng 城 ‘town / city’, du 都 ‘capital’, jiang 江 ‘river’, shan 山 ‘mountain’, dao 岛 ‘island’ etc. The lexical meanings of lexical items forming specific parts of by-namesmainly refer to animals, plants, minerals, local manufactured products, climate and natural scenery,geographical location, humans, areas, etc. Chinese contemporary by-names, used on various occasions, vary in frequency and stability. The by-names discussed in the paper only account for a smallproportion and are listed just due to their relatively high frequency, stability and acceptability.
Physical description
  • Chen, M. 陈梦家 (1965). Yinxu buci zongshu 殷墟卜辞综述 [Review of Oracle Inscriptions]. Beijing: Kexue chubanshe.
  • Chen, Q. 陈桥驿 (1981). Lun Dimingxue jiqi fazhan 论地名学及其发展 [Toponomastics and Its Development]. Zhongguo lishi dili luncong 中国历史地理论丛 [China Historical Geography Symposia]. Vol.1.
  • Chen, Q. 陈桥驿 (2012). “Shuijingzhu” diming huibian “水经注” 地名汇编 [The Collection of Place Names in “Notes on Waterways”]”. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
  • Han, G. 韩光辉 (1991). Zhongguo dimingxue de diming yuanyuan he diming yange de yanjiu 中国地名学的地名渊源和地名沿革的研究 [Study on the Origin and Development of Chinese Toponymy], Zhongguo lishi dili luncong 中国历史地理论丛 [China Historical Geography Symposia]. Vol. 4, pp. 241–251.
  • HDC (2011). Hanyu Da Cidian 汉语大词典 [Great Chinese Dictionary]. Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe.
  • Kałużyńska, I. (2002). Contemporary Chinese Place Names. Names of Administrative Divisions at County and City Level. Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien: Peter Lang AG, European Academic Publishers.
  • Needham, J. (1959). Science and Civilisation in China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Vol. 3.
  • Niu, R. 牛汝辰 (2016). Zhongguo diming zhanggu cidian 中国地名掌故词典 [Dictionary of Anecdotes on Chinese Place Names]. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui chubanshe.
  • Playfair, G.M.H. (1910). The Cities and Towns of China. A Geographical Dictionary. Hongkong, Yokohama, Singapore: Kelly & Walsh Ltd.
  • Richard, L. (1908). Comprehensive Geography of the Chinese Empire. Shanghai: T’usewei Press.
  • Shao, M. 邵明武 (2004). Zhongguo diming laili leishuo 中国地名来历类说 [The Origin of Chinese Place Names]. Zhongguo difangzhi 中国地方志 [Chinese Local Chronicles]. Vol. 12.
  • Shi, D. 史定国 (1994). Woguo diming pinxie guoji biaozhunhua wenti 我国地名拼写国际标准化问题 [International Standardization on Spelling Chinese Place Names]. Yuyan weizi yingyong 语言文字应用 [Applied linguistics]. Vol. 4.
  • Shi, W. 史为乐 (2017). Zhongguo lishi diming da cidian - zengdingben 中国历史地名大辞典-增订本 [Chinese Historical Place Names Dictionary (revised edition)]. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe.
  • Spencer, J.E. (1941). Chinese Place Names and the Appreciation of Geographic Realities. Geographer Review. 31, pp. 79–94.
  • Sun, Y. 孙元巩 (2010). Zhongguo diming youlai chutan 中国地名由来初探 [Study on the Origin of Chinese Place Names]. Zhongguo diming 中国地名 [Chinese Place Names]. Vol. 8, pp. 20–22.
  • Wang, D. 王大学 (2016). Guoji xuejie guojia lishi dili xinxi xitong jianshe yu liyong de xianzhuang ji qishi 国际学界国家历史地理信息系统建设与利用的现状及启示 [The Status Quo and Tendency of NHGIS in International Academia]. Jiangsu shifan daxue xuebao (Zhexue shehui kexue ban) 江苏师范大学学报 (哲学社会科学版) [Journal of Jiangsu Normal University (Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition)]. Vol. 3, pp. 98–104.
  • Wang, F. 汪锋 (2018). Wangmen qiuxue ji 王门求学记 [Wang Feng’s Reminiscences on Studying in Wang’s School], Micro-journal of Linguistics. 2018-05-01.
  • Wang, J. 王际桐 (2015). Zhongguo diming hanzi shuxie ji duyin de guifan 中国地名汉字书写及读音的规范 [The Standard on Chinese Character Writing and Pronunciation of Chinese Place Names]. Zhongguo diming中国地名 [Chinese Place Names]. Vol. 12, pp. 54–55.
  • Wu, Ch. 吴成恩 (Ming Dynasty, 1995 ed.). Xiyou Ji 西游记 [Pilgrimage to the West]. Shanghai: Shanghai Guji Chubanshe.
  • XHC (2016). Xiandai Hanyu Cidian 现代汉语词典 [Modern Chinese Dictionary]. Beijing: Shangwu yinshuguan.
  • Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Guojia Biaozhun: Hanyu Pinyin Zhengcifa Jiben Guize 中华人民共和国国家标准·汉语拼音正词法基本规则 [Basic Rules of the Chinese Phonetic Alphabet Orthography of the National Standard of the People’s Republic of China], code: GB / T161592012.
  • Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Xingzheng Quhua Jiance 中华人民共和国行政区划简册 [A Concise Guide to China’s Administrative Divisions] (2018). Beijing: Zhongguo ditu chubanshe.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.