PL EN


2016 | 58 |
Article title

Fact and factual information in the mass media

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
Application of the factual principle of information presentation is of particular relevance in the present conditions of global use of information environment as a confrontation field of different models of modern civilization development. The main objective of the study is to substantiate the basic status of fact and its  nterpretation in the media system. The factual principle is realized within the factual field, which is a set of information about changes in the social environment, the presentation of which is integrated by lexical, grammatical, logical, stylistic connections and has respective focus and pragmatic attitude. Factual field is formed by a system of interconnected factors: basic fact, which is a communicative nucleus, the core of the message in the mass-communication process; factual environment, which is created by the facts illustrating the basic fact; journalist skills, which includes the ability to convince with fact-based proofs and arguments. Factual field is the natural component of social interaction. Consistency and comprehensiveness of factual field is realized in the interconnections of the objective (basic fact, factual environment), and subjective (means journalist skills) factors. Factual principle of information presentation in mass media is based on the following functional characteristics: flexibility, consistency, associativity, analyticity, reliability, professionalism of fact presentation. The essence of the fact phenomenon functioning in the media is realized in the following components: in the change of the objective reality and in the interpretation of such change in the mass media.
Year
Volume
58
Physical description
Dates
published
2016
online
2016-12-20
Contributors
author
References
  • Aleksandrov O., Proceedings of the theory of journalism, “Dialoh. Media-Studiyi” 2007, no 6.
  • Eco U., Lack of structure. Introduction to semiology, Saint Petersburg 1998, p. 432.
  • Gadamer H.-G., Hermeneutics and Poetics, Kyiv 2001, p. 288.
  • Heidegger M., Time and Being, Moscow 1993, p. 447.
  • Lotman Y., Semyosfera: Culture and Explosion, Saint Petersburg 2004, p. 703.
  • Morris Ch., Basis of the theory of signs,“Semyotyka” 1983, pp. 37–89.
  • Morris Ch., The meaning and signification,“Semyotyka” 1983a, pp. 118–132.
  • Peirce Ch., Selected Philosophical Works, Lohos, Moscow 2000, p. 448.
  • Rizun V., Problems and prospects of development of journalism education in Ukraine at the beginning of the 21st century, “Naukovi zapysky Instytutu zhurnalistyky” 2004, vol. 16, pp. 6–13.
  • Saussure de F., Course of General Linguistics, Kyiv, 1998, p. 324.
  • Shchukyna L., Problem factors in modern television advertising, “Problemy Massovoy Kommunykatsyy na Rubezhe Tysyacheletyy” 2003, p.146.
  • Vayshenberh Z., News Journalism, Kyiv 2004, p. 262.
  • Yatsemirska M., Culture Professional Language of Journalist, L’viv 2004, p. 368.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_17951_fb_2016_58_159
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.