Organizacja niemieckiego resortu sprawiedliwości w Generalnym Gubernatorstwie w latach 1939–1945
Languages of publication
Artykuł nie zawiera abstraktu w języku polskim
The General Government was an area of unclear political and legal status which included thecentral Polish territories occupied by Germany. It was ruled by the Governor General Hans Frank,who was formally directly subordinate to Hitler. The central body of the German administration ofthe occupied territories was the Office of Governor General that was subordinate to Frank (since1941 known as the Government of the General Government). This institution included the Departmentof Justice (since 1941 known as the Chief Department of Justice). The head of this Department,Kurt Wille, held the office almost throughout the whole period of occupation in the General Government.At the district level, the current administrative authority over jurisdiction was held by the headof the department of justice in the office of the chief of the district.The most characteristic feature of the department of justice of the GG was the dual system ofjurisdiction. One level was the German jurisdiction: special courts, German courts, superior Germancourts. The other was the Polish jurisdiction: courts of appeal, regional courts and magistrate courts(the official term applied since the incorporation of the District of Galicia in 1941, was non-Germanjurisdiction). The Polish jurisdiction (non-German jurisdiction) was governed and controlled both bythe German administration of the department of justice, and the German jurisdiction. Moreover, thedepartment of justice also governed the Polish public prosecutors’ office, bar and notary profession,as well as the German bar and notary profession, the German public prosecutors’ office and penology.
Publication order reference