Definicja przestępstwa i podziały przestępstw w prawie karnym Ukrainy
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Artykuł nie zawiera abstraktu w języku polskim
This paper discusses the problems of the development of offence studies in the theory ofUkrainian criminal law. The first understanding and normative description of the concept of offencecan be found most clearly in the oldest Ukrainian legal sources and in scientific sources. Nonetheless,the authors focus their attention on the development of studies on the concept of offence on theterritory of contemporary Ukraine from the beginning of the Soviet period till present times.The authors reach the conclusion that although the Soviet jurisprudence began its developmentfrom a total denial of the achievements of its national and foreign criminal jurisprudence, asa consequence of evolutionary development it managed to elaborate a scholarly justified positionsreferring to the understanding of the essence of offence, distinguishing it from non-criminal acts, theclassification of offences, which formed the basis of contemporary criminal law approach to theseproblems in Ukraine.Contemporary criminal law defines offence as a socially dangerous and culpable act (actionor omission), committed by the subject of the offence. The criminal jurisprudence recognises thefollowing obligatory features: 1) the act is socially dangerous; 2) the act is defined by the CriminalCode of Ukraine; 3) the act is culpable; 4) the act was committed by the subject of the offence;5) the socially harmful act is punishable. The lack of any of these features means an act constitutesno offence.Besides the authors analyse the difference between an offence and other socially harmful acts:petty offences, torts etc. and they also make the classification of offences.
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