PL EN


2018 | 31 | 4 |
Article title

Autopercepcja cech osobowości u kobiet niskolękowych, wysokolękowych i wypierających

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PL
Abstracts
PL
Celem opisanego badania było sprawdzenie, czy lęk ujmowany jako wymiar osobowości oraz doświadczany strach wpływają na postrzeganie siebie w zakresie cech lubianych i nielubianych. W badaniu przesiewowym wzięło udział 570 studentów, z których wyłoniono 90 kobiet zakwalifikowanych do jednej z trzech grup: osób niskolękowych (n = 30), wysokolękowych (n = 30) i wypierających (n = 30), wyróżnionych w koncepcji D.A. Weinbergera, G.E. Schwartza i R.J. Davidsona. Zadanie badawcze, którego celem było wzbudzenie lęku, polegało na wygłoszeniu kilkuminutowego przemówienia przed audytorium ekspertów i kamerą na temat lubianych i nielubianych cech osobowości. Oprócz metod kwestionariuszowych zastosowano zobiektywizowaną metodę pomiaru ekspresji mimicznej emocji – System Kodowania Ruchów Twarzy FACS (P. Ekman) oraz listę 300 cech autorstwa A.E. Abele i B. Wojciszke, dla których zostały oszacowane następujące parametry semantyczne: sprawczość, wspólnotowość, kompetencja, moralność, indywidualizm, kolektywizm, kobiecość i męskość. Badanie m.in. ujawniło, że osoby wypierające lubią w sobie cechy charakteryzujące się wyższym wskaźnikiem moralności w porównaniu do osób prawdziwie niskolękowych. Cecha lęku pozytywnie korelowała ze wspólnotowością, moralnością i kobiecością. Doświadczany strach negatywnie korelował m.in. ze sprawczością, kompetencją, męskością, indywidualizmem, a pozytywnie – z kobiecością.
EN
The aim of the research described in the article was to check whether the anxiety perceived as a personality trait and experienced fear affect the perception of oneself in the scope of liked and disliked traits. The screening study involved 570 students, from whom 90 women qualified to one of three groups: low-anxious (n = 30), high-anxious (n = 30) and repressive (n = 30) individuals distinguished in the D.A. Weinberger, G.E. Schwartz, and R.J. Davidson concept. The research task, which was aimed at arousing fear, was to give a few minutes’ speech in front of an audience of experts and a camera about the liked and disliked personality traits. In addition to the questionnaire methods, an objective method of measuring the facial expression of emotions was used – Facial Action Coding System FACS (P. Ekman) and a list of 300 traits by A.E. Abele and B. Wojciszke, for which the following semantic parameters were estimated: agency, community, competence, morality, individualism, collectivism, femininity, and masculinity. The research revealed, among others, that the repressive persons prefer traits that have a higher morality rate compared to people who are truly low-anxious. The trait anxiety positively correlated with communality, morality, and femininity. The experienced fear negatively correlated with agency, competence, masculinity, individualism, and positively with femininity.
Keywords
Year
Volume
31
Issue
4
Physical description
Dates
published
2018
online
2019-04-26
Contributors
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_17951_j_2018_31_4_197-217
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