2018 | 31 | 4 |
Article title

Doświadczanie miłości w kontekście teorii więzi przez więźniów i nie-więźniów

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The literature on the subject suggests that attachment is a key mechanism in human development. The model of attachment develops in early childhood and influences the way of establishing close relationships in subsequent phases of life as well as the development of various mental disorders (Berlin, Cassidy 1999; Bowlby 2007/1969). The aim of the paper is to determine the relations between attachment styles and the experience of love in groups of prisoners and non-prisoners. Two studies were conducted: a study of prison inmates (n = 314) and a study of subjects from the general population (n = 259). Attachment style was examined by means of the Attachment Styles Questionnaire by M. Plopa (2008), and the experience of love was analyzed based on the narrative analysis technique. We computed multiple regression to show how particular dimensions of attachment best determine the ways of experiencing love. The main attachment style explaining the experience of love turned out to be a secure style.
Literatura przedmiotu wskazuje, że przywiązanie jest kluczowym mechanizmem w rozwoju człowieka. Model przywiązania kształtuje się we wczesnym dzieciństwie i ma wpływ na sposób nawiązywania bliskich relacji w późniejszych fazach życia oraz powstawania różnych zaburzeń psychicznych (Berlin, Cassidy 1999; Bowlby 2007/1969). Celem artykułu jest wskazanie relacji pomiędzy stylami przywiązania a doświadczaniem miłości w grupie więźniów i osób będących na wolności. Przeprowadzono dwa badania: pierwsze to badanie więźniów (n = 314), a drugie – osób z populacji generalnej (n = 259). Do badania stylu przywiązania zastosowano Kwestionariusz Stylów Przywiązaniowych M. Plopy (2008), natomiast analizę doświadczania miłości przeprowadzono w oparciu o technikę analizy narracji. Obliczono regresję wielokrotną, aby pokazać, w jaki sposób wymiary przywiązania najlepiej określają sposoby doświadczania miłości. Okazało się, że głównym stylem przywiązania wyjaśniającym doświadczanie miłości jest styl bezpieczny.
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