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2019 | 32 | 1 |
Article title

Etnopedagogiczne i etnopsychologiczne zasady kształtowania charakteru dzieci ukraińskich w dziedzictwie Mykoły Shlemkevycha

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EN
Abstracts
EN
The article deals with the aspects of development of the spiritual sphere of Ukrainians as proposed in the works of Mykola Shlemkevych which are related to understanding of the essence of the national character, the inflence of the history of the people, upbringing traditions, folk customs, life in the family. The authors have also revealed the influences of human activity on the formation of a person’s character features. According to Shlemkevych, the national character reflcts the attitude of people to reality, culture of those people, their literature, language, architecture, etc., and it is embodied in their particular way of thinking, feelings, typical behaviour, emotional reactions to actions. This does not exclude changes in the character of an individual during his/her lifetime, but typical features of one’s character are manifested in certain inclinations, disposition of the vast majority of representatives of the nation. According to Shlemkevych, these are the following traits of Ukrainians: faith in God, patriotism, hard work, emotionality, love of songs, respect for mother and family, freedom of love, hospitality.
PL
W artykule omówiono aspekty rozwoju sfery duchowej Ukraińców zaproponowane w twórczości Mykoły Shlemkevycha, a związane ze zrozumieniem istoty narodowego charakteru oraz z wpływem historii ludzi, tradycji, wychowania, obyczajów ludowych i życia w rodzinie. Autor ujawnił także wpływ działań człowieka na słownictwo, na kształtowanie cech charakteru danej osoby. Według Shlemkevycha charakter narodowy odzwierciedla stosunek ludzi do rzeczywistości, kultury danego narodu, jego literatury, języka, architektury itp. Objawia się on w szczególnym sposobie myślenia, uczuciach, typowych zachowaniach, reakcjach emocjonalnych oraz działaniach. Nie wyklucza to zmian charakteru jednostek w trakcie ich życia, zarazem należy dodać, że typowe cechy tego charakteru przejawiają się w pewnych skłonnościach, usposobieniu ogromnej większości przedstawicieli narodu. Według Shlemkevycha są to następujące cechy Ukraińców: wiara w Boga, patriotyzm, ciężka praca, emocjonalność, miłość do pieśni, szacunek dla matki i rodziny, wolność miłości, gościnność.
Year
Volume
32
Issue
1
Physical description
Dates
published
2019
online
2019-09-25
Contributors
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_17951_j_2019_32_1_171-182
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