PL EN


2013 | 20 | 1 |
Article title

Human security within the context of globalization – the individual as international (global) actor

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
In the middle of the 1990s the concept of human security is introduced as a  reflection of general change of the stress from the military state‑centric issues (assumed by the realist and neo‑realist orthodoxism) towards those non‑military. This new narrative consists in the transformation of the individual into the reference object of security, due to the fact that, under the pressure of globalization, the state is moved away (at least partially) from the epicenter of policy making. So, the concept of security is extended from the security of the nations to the security of the individuals, from the nation to the international system, is extending by supplementing the military perspective with the political, economic and environmental ones and thus, the range of security can basically receive human dimension. By the mechanisms and the normative principles of such a  perspective it is possible to identify some important arguments that human security can be fundamental in the justification of the ethics of interventions and by by‑passing the state to offer the ultimate argument for just war theory (used to address the moral and legal aspects linked with the use of military force).
PL
Artykuł nie zawiera abstraktu w języku polskim
Keywords
Year
Volume
20
Issue
1
Physical description
Dates
published
2013
online
2015-07-15
Contributors
References
  • Battersby, P., Siracusa, J. M. 2009. Globalization and Human Security, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, New York.
  • Baxi, U. 1998. Voices of suffering and the future of human rights, “Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems”, 125 (8), pp. 125–170.
  • Buzan, B. 2000. Popoarele, statele şi teama (Peoples, States and Fear), Cartier, Chişinău.
  • Commission on Human Security (CHS), Human Security Now. 2003. New York: CHS, http://www.policyinnovations.org/ideas/policy_library/data/01077/_res/id=sa_File1/.
  • DFAIT, Freedom from Fear: Canada’s Foreign Policy for Human Security, 2000. Ottawa: DFAIT, http://www.humansecurity.gc.ca/pdf/freedom_from_fear‑en.
  • pdf.
  • Dunne, T., Schmidt, B. C. 2001. Realism, [in:] The Globalization of World Politics. An Introduction
  • to International Relations, Baylis, Smith, Steve Smith, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 141–161.
  • Fouinat, F. 2004. A  Comprehensive Framework for Human Security, “Conflict, Security and Development”, 4 (3), pp. 289–97.
  • Frost, M. 1998. A  turn not taken: Ethics in IR at the Millenium, “Review of International Studies”,
  • 24 (5), pp. 119–132.
  • Frost, M. 2009. Global Ethics. Anarchy, Freedom and International Relations, Routledge, London
  • and New York.
  • Fuentes, C. F., Aravena F. R. 2005. Promoting Human Security: Ethical, Normative and Educational
  • Frameworks in Latin America and the Caribbean, UNESCO, Paris.
  • Fukuda‑Parr,S., Messineo, C. 2012. Human Security: A  critical review of the literature, Centre for Research on Peace and Development (CRPD), Working Paper No. 11, January 2012.
  • Haq, Mahbub ul 1995. Reflections on Human Development, Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Harbour, F. V. 1999. Thinking about International Ethics: Moral Theory and Vases from American
  • Foreign Policy, Westview Press, Boulder.
  • Holliday, I. 2003. Ethics of Intervention: Just War Theory and the Challenge of the 21st Century, “International Relations”, 17 (2), pp. 115–33.
  • Human Security Centre, Human Security Report 2005. War and Peace in the 21st Century, 2005. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford.
  • International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignity (ICISS), The Responsibility to Protect, International Development Research Centre, Ottawa 2001, http://responsibilityto-protect.org/ICISS%20Report.pdf.
  • Kaldor, M. 2010. Securitatea umană (Human Security), CA Publishing, Cluj‑Napoca.
  • Liotta, P. H., Taylor O. 2006. Why Human Security?, “Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations”, VII (1), pp. 37–55.
  • Lipschutz, R. 1995. On Security, Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Rengger, N. 2002. On the Just War Tradition in the Twenty‑first Century, “International Affairs”,
  • 78 (2), pp. 353–363.
  • Roberts, D. 2010. Global Governance and Biopolitics. Regulating Human Security, Zed Books, London and New York.
  • Rotschild, E. 1995. What is Security?, “Daedalus” , 124 (3), pp. 53–98.
  • Terrif, T. et al. 1999. Security Studies Today, Polity Press, Cambridge.
  • Thomas, N., Tow T. W. 2002. The Utility of Human Security: Sovereignty and Humanitarian Intervention, “Security Dialogue”, 33 (2), pp. 177–192.
  • Tigerstrom, B. von 2007. Human Security and International Law: Prospects and Problems, Hart Publishing, Oxford.
  • Tuchman Mathews, J. 1998. Redefining Security, “Foreign Affairs”, 68 (2), pp. 162–77.
  • UNDP, Human Development Report 1990, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1990.
  • UNDP, Human Development Report 1994, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1994.
  • UNDP, Human Development Report 1995, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1995.
  • Walt, S. M. 1991. The Renaissance of Security Studies, “International Studies Quarterly”, 35 (2), pp. 211–239.
  • Weinert, M. S. 2009. From State Security to Human Security, [in:] The Ashgate Research Companion
  • to Ethics and International Relations, Patrick Hayden (ed.), Ashgate, Farnham, pp. 151–167.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_17951_k_2013_20_1_7
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.